Ingrown hair in scalp is a common problem in many people after shaving of head, though in few cases it simply occurs on its own. The tip of hair becomes sharp after shaving. As the hair grows, the sharp edge may bend towards scalp and burrow inside the skin leading to a small bump which may become red and inflamed. The bump is often painful and tender to touch. Sometimes there may be associated itching.
Ingrown hair is a frequent problem in people having curly hair. Curly hair becomes thick and coarse.People of African and American African origin are more susceptible to suffer from ingrown hair in their scalp as compared to others having straight hair.
Symptoms Of Ingrown Hair In Scalp
The first symptom of ingrown hair is inflammation of scalp skin. The affected area is painful and tender to touch. The affected area may ache constantly even without touching. After one or two days a small bump may develop at the site of ingrown hair. There may be one bump or many bumps close to each other depending on the number of ingrown hairs.These bumps will become red and inflamed. They may be filed with pus.
A small curled ingrown hair may be seen at the center of bump. In some cases when the bump bursts on its own, pus may come out and spread on scalp. These bumps may also itch and get irritated especially when you wear hat to cover your head. There is always a danger of secondary bacterial infection when patient scratches around the lesion.
How To Prevent Ingrown Hair On Scalp?
If you are having previous history of ingrown hair on scalp after shaving or if you have the fear of shaving your scalp because of the untoward after effects likes ingrown hair, below are given important tips that can be followed.
- The simplest way is to avoid shaving your head.
- Avoid close shaving and do not apply too much of pressure on the scalp. This is because excessive pressure may push shaved hair into the scalp.
- Use a shaving gel or foam to lubricate the skin and hair before shaving.
- Shave in direction of hair growth rather than against it. Hair cut against the direction may typically have very sharp edge and they may grow in awkward direction risking ingrown hair.
- Avoid shaving very closely to the scalp. Electric razor is useful as it does not shave as close to as regular shaving razor.
- Shampoo your hair regularly and keep your scalp clean. Rub your scalp gently while taking bath to remove dead skin cells and germs that may be present on the scalp.
- After shaving your head avoid wearing hats as it may cause excess of sweat. Rubbing and pressure may cause the hair to grow backwards.
Natural Remedies For Ingrown Hair In Scalp
The bump of ingrown hair has similarity with pimples. Pus is often present in it. Bump is formed of oil, pus and blood. There is ingrown hair in middle of bump.
- Shampoo your hair and gently massage your scalp and the affected area with toothbrush to bring out the ingrown hair.
- Apply turmeric powder mixed with honey over the lesion. Both have natural antibacterial and anti inflammatory properties.
- You can also apply tea tree oil to heal the bump. Due to its antibacterial action, tea tree oil can prevent secondary infection.
- A hot compress over head is useful to drain the pus out of the bump. Once the bump is burst, you may pull out the ingrown end of hair with tweezers or with a sterilized needle. Remove the remaining blood, pus and dead cells by pressing the bump.
- Once you have removed the material and clean the area with antiseptic solution to prevent bacteria entering the lesion. You may also apply alcohol over the burst lesion. Both may produce irritation and burning for few minutes.
- In some cases where bacterial infection has set in, you may have to take antibiotic medicines and apply antibiotic cream for few days.