Chronic Blepharitis Eye Inflammation Treatment, Causes, Symptoms

Chronic Blepharitis Information

An inflammation of the eyelids that includes the edges of the eyelids and eyelash is a sign of chronic blepharitis. This disorder is a usual and sometimes long-lasting condition that commonly affects adults and in children. Prevention depends on adherence to a strict regime of eyelid hygiene. Bacterial infections or too much oil produced by the eyelid glands can trigger blepharitis. This disorder is not contagious. Because of the grainy sensation associated with blepharitis, many patients believe that their eyes are dry and try to lubricate them with eye drops to no avail.

Chronic blepharitis eye inflammation can often be diagnosed simply upon close inspection of the eyelids as well as a patient’s account of the symptoms he or she has been experiencing. Any information about adult skin problems such as acne rosacea will also be helpful in determining the causes of this disease.

Causes of Blepharitis:

  • Overproduction of oil by the glands along the eyelid
  • Bacterial infection, often staphylococcal
  • Allergic reactions
  • Improper eyelid hygiene

Whether we like it or not, there is some type of bacteria on our skin’s surface. The problem is that bacteria can also thrive on the skin at the base of the eyelashes.

There are vast amounts of bacteria found there and these can cause particles and scales similar to dandruff to form. Chronic blepharitis is also associated with meibomitis, which is an inflammation and dysfunction of the meibomian glands. When these glands are functioning normally, they secrete a thin oily coating into the natural tear film to help prevent it from evaporating rapidly, which in turn keeps the eyes moist.

Two Kinds of Blepharitis:

Blepharitis chronic problem exists as an ongoing condition. There are two kinds of blepharitis that depends on their location:

  • Anterior blepharitis occurs outside of the eyelid where the eyelashes grow naturally. The two most common causes of this kind of blepharitis are seborrhea or scalp dandruff and the staphylococcus bacteria.
  • Posterior blepharitis affects the inner eyelid or the moist part that makes contact with the eye. This is caused by meibomian gland dysfunction. These are the problems that affect the oil glands in this part of the eyelid. Two skin disorders that cause posterior blepharitis are seborrheic dermatitis or commonly known as scalp dandruff and acne rosacea that results to chronic red and inflamed skin.

Recurrences of chronic blepharitis are best prevented through diligent lid hygiene. Though it can be a bit hard at times, it is your best defense against this infection.