Amblyopia is a condition that is colloquially called the lazy eye syndrome. It is a medical disorder that has been characterized by an indistinct or poor vision in the eye when there are structural abnormalities although physically, one’s vision would look normal. Disorder in the visual system may be caused when there is poor transmission of a visual image into the brain which is sustained for a period of time. It is usually developed in early childhood and affects 5% of the total children population the reason why amblyopia correction is needed.
Symptoms of Amblyopia Disorder
People who have amblyopia disorder may not always be aware that they have this condition unless they will be tested later. The vision in the unaffected eye is stronger, that is why amblyopia in children could not easily be detected. But children who have a severe case of this syndrome may experience problems associated with visual disorders especially in their perception of depth. Spatial acuity may also be poor, and sensitivity to contrasts may be experienced. Amblyopic children may also feel a higher level of deficit when viewing objects or people in motion.This deficit may only be associated with the amblyopic eye. There are also problems with binocular vision and three-dimensional images especially when hidden in a stereoscopic display. All these deficits may only be associated with the amblyopic eye and one affected with this disorder will need amblyopia correction to have a better look at things.
Treatment for Amblyopia
Amblyopia correction involves treating the optical deficit and forcing the use of the defective eye. It can be done by placing a patch and an application of topical atropine on the good eye with the better vision. This kind of treatment encourages the use of the amblyopic eye by penalizing or patching the good eye. While this treatment is proven effective, others are wary that over-patching may happen when treating the affected eye because there is what is called a reverse amblyopia. It occurs when the good eye is over-penalized causing the good eye to suffer the same with the amblyopic eye.
The best outcome in amblyopia correction happens when the treatment for amblyopia is done in children before they reach the age of 5. Although there are studies that show that older children and even adults show improvement in their affected eye when having the eye patch. Sometimes the improvement shown is four times better than those younger children who did not receive any kind of treatment.