Lipase is an enzyme that the body produces to aid in the digestion, processing, and transport of dietary lipids such as fats, oils, and triglycerides. There are a number of different lipase enzymes, with different functions and targeting certain lipids.
Lipase enzymes are produced in the pancreas as well as some in the mouth and stomach. These enzymes are used to break down lipids or fats into fatty acids. These fatty acids are the ones that can be utilized by the body.
It is normal to have lipase enzymes in the body and several varieties of them at the same time.Still, there are certain limits as to how much of these lipase enzymes should be present in the body. If the lipase enzyme levels are high, then something must be wrong somewhere.
Causes Of Elevated Lipase Levels
The normal levels of lipase enzymes in people below the age of 60 are from 10 to 140 units per liter (U/L). For those above 60, the normal measure is from 18 to 180 units per liter (U/L).
If the patient has elevated levels of these enzymes, he/she might experience sweating, weakness, and nausea. However, most of the time, there are no symptoms unless there is pancreatitis.
- The elevated enzyme levels are detected via blood lipase test and the condition is also known as hyperlipasemia.
- Because the lipase enzymes are primarily created in the pancreas, elevated levels of these enzymes in the blood often means problems in the pancreas or pancreatitis.
- Still, it is possible that the elevated enzyme levels are due to other ailments that trigger the overproduction. These ailments could be:
- Gall bladder infection
- Gall bladder stones
- Kidney failure
- Bowel blockage
- Peptic ulcer disease
- Cancer of the salivary glands
Other possible causes include:
- Drinking too much alcohol
- Certain medications
Treatment For High Lipase Enzyme
- To normalize the elevated levels of lipase enzyme in the blood, the doctor will prescribe certain medications. Also, it is possible for certain home remedies to be used to treat this problem.
- Also, it is important that the patient change the diet to that high in fiber and low in fats and red meat.
- Keep the patient hydrated by making him/her drink 8 to 10 glasses a day.
- In addition to any treatment or remedies one most important thing to do is to stay away from drinking alcoholic beverages.