Adrenal Gland Mass: Symptoms And Treatment For Adrenal Mass

An adrenal mass is a tumor or a benign mass in the adrenal glands. Adenomas / the mass are functioning, i.e. they synthesize hormones, or are non functioning.

Symptoms Of Adrenal Gland Mass

  • Common symptoms are: hypertension, diabetes, low levels of potassium, anxiety, palpitations, and stretch-marks on the abdomen.
  • Severe symptoms include: feeling always full / no appetite, fever, weight loss, abdominal pain and a lump in the abdomen.
  • Cushing’s syndrome is also related to adrenal mass. Symptoms like acne, hirsuitism, hypertension, fatigue, and osteoporosis are associated with Cushing’s disease.
  • Conn’s Syndrome may also develop due to an adenoma.
    There occurs excessive release of hormone aldosterone that governs the electrolyte balance.
  • Pheochromocytoma: tumor of the adrenals that secretes hormones epinephrine and nor-epinephrine.

Treatment For Adrenal Glands

  • A biopsy may be carried out to confirm the diagnosis.
  • On the other hand, a laparotomy can be performed. This requires an incision to permit admission in to the abdomen.
  • Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy: is a commonly used surgical procedure, which is highly effective in treating an adenoma. Tiny incisions are made to gain admission in to the abdomen, which is blown up like a balloon to push organs back from the instruments being used.
    A camera is inserted which assists the surgeon in the removal of the mass.
  • Abdominal Laparotomy: is a more invasive surgery with a larger opening. Certain cases necessitate an abdominal laprotomy. A large incision under general anesthesia. The removal procedure is then carried out.

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