Diabetes Blood Sugar Test: Fasting, Post Prandial And Random Levels

Question:  I took the test two hours after break fast and the result is 300 is it acceptable. My age is 57. What are the symptoms of being diabetic?

Answer: Diabetes is a disease due to faulty diet and leads to breakdown of entire nutritional system of the body. The disease takes years to develop and is more systemic in origin. A diet that has excess of starch, sugar, protein and fat contents in it leads to diabetes.

Blood Sugar Test For Diabetes

Blood sugar is estimated either fasting, post prandial or in Random.

There is another way to estimate the blood sugar and that is called glucose tolerance test.

  • Fasting blood sugar as the name suggests is done without eating or drinking anything, and after fasting for 8 hours. Water is permitted. Normal value is 80 to 120mg/dl
  • Post prandial blood sugar is done two hours after meals. Normal value is 120 to 140mg /dl
  • Random blood sugar is done at any random hour. Value above 200mg/dl is significant to be termed as diabetic.

Have you detected your blood sugar level for the first time or are you diabetic since long?

If you are not known diabetic and not taking any antidiabetic medicine, and the value 300 is on random sample, from the above you can be termed as diabetic.

You will need to do fasting and post prandial blood glucose levels, to confirm diabetes and to start the treatment.

Symptoms Of Diabetes

Some of the common diabetic symptoms are:

  • Increased thirst especially at night.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Increased hunger or hunger pangs.
  • Sudden weight loss.
  • Chronic Vaginal pruritus in females.
  • Balanitis in males.
  • Recurrent skin infection and delay in wound healing.
  • Numbness of toes and fingers in later stage of diabetes.
  • Weakness and fatigue.

Diagnosis Of Diabetes

Screening tests that help determine fasting and post-prandial (two hours after intake of food) blood glucose levels helps us to know if the patient is diabetic.

  • Normal Levels – Readings below 100 milligram per 100 milliliters of blood during fasting. And around 120 milligram per 100 milliliters of blood, two hours after meals.
  • Borderline Levels – Readings may vary from 110-120 milligram during fasting and 130-179 milligram two hours after meals.
  • High Levels – Above 120 milligram in fasting and above 180 milligram two hours after meals in extreme cases.

Diabetes is a condition in which besides the pancreas, adrenal, liver, pituitary and thyroid are also involved. It is a constitutional disease and a systemic derangement where the whole body is involved. If the disease prevails for a long time the patient becomes weak and dies of malnutrition because of the body’s inability to break down food and use it.