Pneumonia is infection of the lungs caused by various germs such as bacteria, viruses’, fungi and chemicals. Pneumonia in children under 5 is often caused by bacteria or viral infection. It can also occur due to accidental ingestion of kerosene in children under 5.
Pneumonia In Children Under 5
Pneumonia in children under 5 is a common sequel after chickenpox. It often occurs when the child is malnourished or his immune system is compromised.
In pneumonia, the air sacs get filled with fluids and pus.
Symptoms Of Pneumonia In Children
Symptoms of pneumonia in children under 5:
The symptoms of pneumonia in a child may vary; it can be of mild origin if the cause is virus infection.But the symptoms are more drastic and fearsome if it is bacterial infection.
- Chest pain.
- Running nose.
- Loss of appetite.
- Crackling sound.
Diagnosis is confirmed with chest X-ray, blood test such as CBC, ESR.
Pneumonia In Children Treatment
Treatment for pneumonia in children under 5
It will depend on the age of the child. Clinical fitness will be another aspect to be considered for treating. The toxic look of the child may need an urgent admission in a hospital, especially if the cause is bacterial.
- The treatment is generally antibiotic even if virus is suspected.
- If the intake of food is poor, the doctor may suggest hospitalization.
- Oxygen therapy and nasal and mouth suction to remove the secretion may be needed.
- Doctor may prescribe antipyretic medicine to control fever.
Prevention: vaccinating the child under 5 by pneumococcal conjugate vaccine.