Fever in infants is one of the scariest medical conditions for any parent. Rectal temperature measured more than 100.4 degree Fahrenheit is considered abnormal for any infant. Fever in fact is a way body defends itself.
Parents often consider high fever with some serious illness, but it can also occur from a minor illness such as viral disease. In the same way more serious disease may cause mild fever. Therefore physicians also consider other accompanying symptoms to consider severity of disease when they examine a child or an infant with fever.
Febrile seizures are most worrisome complication for any fever, although it does not have any long term debilitating effect.Infants with fever may not eat or drink enough. They are constantly irritated and may not sleep. Fever in infants should be monitored closely to reduce risk of febrile seizures.
Common Causes Of Fever In Infants
Fever is a symptom of many illnesses; it can be due to an infection, injury or inflammation in the body. The common cause for fever in infants is due to infection in cut umbilical cord, or a respiratory infection or infection in gastrointestinal tract. Infection in ear, urinary tract or in brain can also have fever as one of its symptom.
Infants are greater risk of getting infected as their immune system is not well developed. Bacterial infection can acquired during the time of birth or soon after birth if proper hygiene is not maintained.
Fever is common after vaccination, especially after DPT vaccination. Fever after vaccination lasts for one or two days. It resolves on its own without any treatment. However, in case of high fever, many pediatricians prescribe antipyretics to control high temperature.
Signs And Symptoms Of Fever In Infants
Fever itself is one of the symptoms of many diseases in infants and children. It is accompanied with many other symptoms of the specific disease. Here are some common symptoms that are accompanied with fever.
- Body feels extremely hot due to high temperature.
- Avoids feed and breast milk. He is fussy and cries all the time.
- Loss of sleep
- Irritable and crying
- Flushed face
- Difficulty in breathing
- Neck stiffness
- Excessive perspiration
- Barking cough
- Nausea and vomiting
- Runny nose
How To Reduce Fever In Infants Naturally?
Most pediatricians recommend antipyretic medicines to control fever in infant and children. But many parents also resort to natural ways for controlling high body temperature. Here are some natural ways to reduce fever in infants which can be accompanied with medications prescribed by the doctor.
- Due to fever and perspiration the child may have risk of dehydration. Encourage the child to drink enough fluid. Apple juice or fresh lime juice will be useful as the child will savor the taste. Add water to the juice to dilute it.
- If the child is vomiting allow him to suck Popsicle. It helps to reduce vomiting and nausea.
- Sponging with lukewarm water is effective in reducing fever. Take a bowl of lukewarm water. Dip a clean thin cloth or a handkerchief in it. Now rub the child’s body gently with the wet cloth.
- Let the child stay in a room with cool temperature. The room should not be too hot or too cold.
- Avoid covering the child with many clothes as it prevents lowering temperature.