Neonatal Sepsis: Treatment Guidelines, Diagnosis, Causes

Neonatal Sepsis Causes

The causes of neonatal sepsis include the following:

  • Streptococcus infection of the mother during pregnancy
  • Premature delivery
  • Unhygienic vaginal checkups during pregnancy
  • Infection of the placenta tissues and amniotic fluid
  • Breakage of placenta tissues that lasts for more than 24 hours
  • Staying in an infected hospital environment for a prolonged period
  • Having a catheter attached to the blood vessel of the infant for a long time

Symptoms of Neonatal Sepsis

  • Apnea
  • Fever
  • Irregular body temperature
  • Unable to suck breast milk
  • Diarrhea
  • Vomiting
  • Respiratory problems
  • Jaundice or the yellowing of eyes and skin
  • Swollen belly area
  • Reduced heart rate

Diagnosing Neonatal Sepsis

  • For neonatal sepsis diagnosis, laboratory tests are conducted in order to determine the bacteria that caused the infection.
  • Different types of blood tests would also be conducted such as blood culture, complete blood count or CBC, and C-reactive protein.
  • A spinal tap or lumbar puncture would also be administered to test the cerebrospinal fluid for bacteria.
  • An X-ray will also be taken if the infant is showing signs of respiratory problems such as cough or difficulty in breathing.
  • For infants who are older than a week, urine culture tests are also conducted.