Neonatal Sepsis Causes
The causes of neonatal sepsis include the following:
- Streptococcus infection of the mother during pregnancy
- Premature delivery
- Unhygienic vaginal checkups during pregnancy
- Infection of the placenta tissues and amniotic fluid
- Breakage of placenta tissues that lasts for more than 24 hours
- Staying in an infected hospital environment for a prolonged period
- Having a catheter attached to the blood vessel of the infant for a long time
Symptoms of Neonatal Sepsis
- Irregular body temperature
- Unable to suck breast milk
- Respiratory problems
- Jaundice or the yellowing of eyes and skin
- Swollen belly area
- Reduced heart rate
Diagnosing Neonatal Sepsis
- For neonatal sepsis diagnosis, laboratory tests are conducted in order to determine the bacteria that caused the infection.
- Different types of blood tests would also be conducted such as blood culture, complete blood count or CBC, and C-reactive protein.
- A spinal tap or lumbar puncture would also be administered to test the cerebrospinal fluid for bacteria.
- An X-ray will also be taken if the infant is showing signs of respiratory problems such as cough or difficulty in breathing.
- For infants who are older than a week, urine culture tests are also conducted.