Trochanteric bursitis is a medical condition that occurs when the fluid filled sac near a joint (barusa) at the lower point of the hip gets inflamed. This inflamed barusa causes pain in the hip. This is also known as Greater Trochanteric Pain Syndrome. In this the area outside upper thigh incurs pain. The pain is caused by inflammation of the barusa or it can be due to any minor injury. The barusa helps the smooth movements between two uneven surfaces.
The condition of Trochanteric Bursitis is fairly common and is seen more in women than men.The possibility of contracting this condition is more in people above the age group of 50. Sport personnel, especially runners seem to be more among the patients of this condition.
Symptoms Of Trochanteric Bursitis
The symptoms can be generally listed as below.
- Pain in the hip, or outside of upper thigh.
- There is also pain in the buttock.
- Pain while lying down on the damaged area.
- Pain is also caused while climbing up the stairs.
- Pain while getting in or getting out of the car, pain while getting up from the chair from sitting position.
- Pain when the force is applied to the affected area.
- There is pain while exercising.
- Not being able to walk properly.
Causes Of Trochanteric Bursitis
- Injury of the hip: Hip injury can be caused by getting hit on the hip, lying down on one hip or in same position for a long time. Also because of bumping the hip in to a hard object.
- Over exerting activities: Over exerting activities like excessive running, climbing up the stairs rigorously and standing for a long time in one position.
- Infections and other medical ailments: Infections like Tuberculosis can create a condition of trochanteric bursitis. Diseases like arthritis or thyroid and gout can lead to inflammation of barusa.
- Hip surgeries and implants: Previous hip surgeries and implants.
- Difference in the leg length: Some people suffer from trochanteric bursitis as a result of difference in the length of the legs. This difference in length puts strain on one leg.
- Excessive calcium deposits: Calcium deposits in tendons (cord attaching muscle to a bone) that are attached to the trochanter.
- Obesity: Being overweight can put a strain on the hip and thigh.
Treatment For Trochanteric Bursitis
In most of the cases, the condition of trochanteric bursitis cures on its own in some time. However the pain and discomfort caused by it may be experienced for a long time. The main course of treatment would be to ease down the excessive rigorous activities till the pain eases away.
Following remedies can be used to treat the condition.
- Ice pack can be applied on the affected area at frequent intervals to ease out the pain.
- Consumption of pain killer medicines for reduction in pain.
- Life style changes and necessary dietary changes to reduce the weight and to lead a healthy life style.
- Steroids or pain killer injections for speedy relief.
- Physiotherapy for improving the flexibility and strength of the muscles.
- In case of severe and consistent pain it is advisable to see a medical practitioner.
Exercises For Trochanteric Bursitis
Following exercises can help patients if performed regularly.
- Hamstring wall stretch: In this exercises the patient should lie down in the doorway on the back and slide, the affected leg up on the wall till a slight stretch is felt in the affected area. The back and knees should not be bent. Also one leg and heel should touch the ground and other should touch the wall. The affected leg should be stretched at least for 1 minute and up to 6 minutes. This exercise should be performed at least 2 to 4 times.
- Raising the straight leg to the outside: In this exercises patient should lie on the unaffected side and stretch up the affected leg keeping the hip and the knee straight in line with the other leg.
- Clamshell: The patient should lie on the unaffected side with both the knees bent and head on pillow. The affected leg should be lifted up keeping the feet together for at least 6 seconds and then should be rested for 10 seconds.
- Piriformis stretch: This implies lying straight on the back and then lifting the affected leg with bent knee. The opposite hand should pull the affected leg towards the opposite shoulder gently for 15 to 30 seconds.