The sacroiliac joint dysfunction is the most common cause of pain in the lower back region and hips. Often the pain may radiate down to the thighs and the groin. Though on most occasions it is difficult for the physician to isolate the exact location of the pain, it is often associated with burning and stiffness of the affected joints.
The sacroiliac joint pain is worse while walking or standing and tends to improve on resting. The sacroiliac joint is formed by the connection of various tendons and muscles which connect the sacrum with the spine.SI joint primary function is to bear weight while to motion at this level is fairly limited.
Causes Of Sacroiliac Joint Pain
There are a wide range of factors that are responsible for the pain at the level of the sacroiliac joint.
- Degenerative bone disease like osteoarthritis is the most common cause of sacroiliac pain.
- Sacroiliac pain is also observed during the later part of pregnancy. The hormonal changes during pregnancy cause the ligaments to relax which in turn increases the movement at the sacroiliac joint. This increase in movement is associated with wear and tear of the ligaments which in turn may result in pain.
- Weight gain is also responsible for stress on the SI joints which in turn can manifest in the form of pain. This is also one of the reasons for pain during pregnancy.
- In addition, there are several other factors that can result in sacroiliac joint pain. These conditions include rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis, gout and ankylosing spondylitis.
Exercises For Sacroiliac Joint Pain
There are certain sacroiliac joint exercises that can help relieve pain in the region.
- Stand erect with your legs spread out. Ensure that the distance between the two legs is not more than two feet. With your arms on your waist, gradually bend forwards. Return back to the normal position and then bend backwards. Don’t overstrain your back, if you feel pain at the sacroiliac joint, don’t overstretch.
- Stand in the same position as mentioned above. Now bend laterally on either sides. Hold your position when you bend laterally for a few seconds.
These simple exercises will help strengthen the muscles of the lower back and also alleviate the pain. Even pregnant females can practice these exercises, provided they don’t over-strain themselves.
Treatment For SI Joint Pain
Here are certain tips that can help in relieving joint pain,
- Hot fomentation is considered very beneficial. Hot fomentation improves the circulation of blood in the affected region and hastens recovery and reduces pain.
- Maintaining an erect posture while sitting is also very beneficial. Slopping down while sitting on a chair or working on the computer can result in sacroiliac pain.
- Avoid lifting heavy weights. This can aggravate the pain and cause further damage.
- Use a hard surface to lie down or sleep. Soft and cushioned bed mats can increase the pain.
- Homeopathic drugs like Bryonia Album have been found to be very beneficial in management of lower back pain.