Pain involving the joints usually sprout from three main causes such as injury, osteoarthritis or degenerative arthritis, and inflammatory joint disorders. In polyarticular joint pain, pain is felt in more than just one joint hence the multiple possibilities of causes. This means that reaching a definitive diagnosis for appropriate treatment is made difficult.
Symptoms Of Polyarticular Joint Disease
Polyarticular Joint Pain Is referred to as pain in more than four joints. Pain involving joints is usually very painful which can be aggravated upon movement of the joint.
- Subsequent inflammation of the joints may or may not accompany the pain.
- Joint pains can also develop into life changing complications including loss of mobility, loss of independence, as well as the development of psychological complications such as anxiety and depression.
- In order for the patient to be classified as having a polyarticular joint disorder, the patient must identify pain in four or more of his or her joints.
- The commonly susceptible joints include the wrist, shoulders, hips, ankles, and feet.
- Accompanying symptoms may include swelling and edema and pain.
- There are no particular polyarticular diseases of the joint; rather it is a complaint that warrants further investigation for underlying health issues.
- Polyarticular disease of the joint can lead to rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, or scleroderma.
Causes Of Polyarticular Joint Pain
The cause of joint pain in more than four joints can vary and includes:
- A result of injury
- As a result of arthritis
- Due to inflammatory disorders of the joints
- Infection of the joints which is usually viral in origin
- Due to systemic disorders such as sickle cell disease, thalassemia
- Acute rheumatic fever
- Psoriatic arthritis
- Serum sickness after blood transfusion or after vaccination
- Behcet’s syndrome
- Infective endocarditis
- Reactive enteropathic arthritis: acute joint pain in lower extremities 1 to 3 weeks after gastrointestinal or genitor urinary infection.
Polyarticular Joint Pain Treatment
- Treatment is specific to the cause or diagnosis of the polyarticular pain of the joint.
- NSAIDs – treatment of joint inflammation
- Immunosuppressants – treatment for systemic diseases
- Antibiotics – treatment for systemic diseases
- Immobilization of the joint
- Heat therapy
- Cold therapy
- Continued physical activity in cases of chronic arthritis
- Explaining the patient of the disease and constant support to the patient is vitally needed for successful treatment outcome.