Arthrosis is a term used for any joint of the body. Arthros in Greek means a joint. A joint is a location in the body where two or more ends of bones meet to facilitate easy mobility. Joint can be of different variety such as a ball and socket joint, a hinge joint, gliding and pivotal joint etc. Arthrosis in medical parlance is also used for a degenerative condition of joint where there is destruction of cartilage over a period of time. It is often used for osteoarthritis of the joint.
The most common cause of osteoarthritis is wear and tear of the cartilage due to aging. This may lead to inflammation of the joint leading to swelling, pain, stiffness and immobility of the joint. Management of osteoarthritis is mostly conservative which includes physical therapy and medications. Joint replacement surgery may be necessary in case of severe form of osteoarthritis where there is severe erosion of cartilage and bones.
Difference Between Arthritis And Arthrosis
Arthrosis and arthritis although seem to be synonymous condition there are many differences between the two. Both are related to diseases of joints where most of the symptoms are same such as stiffness of joint, pain, swelling, inability of joint movement etc.
Arthritis is broad term which includes all conditions that produce inflammatory changes in joints. In some cases other organs are also affected such as kidneys, skin, eyes, muscles etc. These conditions are rheumatic arthritis, osteoarthritis and gout. Arthrosis is another name used for osteoarthritis (OA). Thus arthrosis is nothing but a type of arthritis.
While other types of arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis can develop in children as well as adults, OA is more common in people over the age of 50 years. Women are more likely to develop arthrosis where as men are more prone to develop gout. Increased weight is more commonly associated with OA. It is not so in other types of arthritis which include rheumatic arthritis and gout.
The symptoms may vary in different types of arthritis. Painful joints and stiffness are present in all forms of arthritis. Other symptoms of arthritis are swelling, redness, warmth and swelling of the affected joint. Arthritis may also affect skin and other vital organs of the body. Arthritis such as rheumatoid arthritis can affect even the small joints, but in osteoarthritis usually large joints such as knee, hip, elbow are affected. There is more grating and rubbing sound between the bones is noted in osteoarthritis. Bony spurs are common in OA, while they develop late in rheumatoid arthritis and gout.
Treatment For Arthrosis
Arthritis which also includes osteoarthritis needs to be treated. In both the treatment of choice is medication, physical therapy and alternative medicine. If all the measures fail and there is risk of deformity, surgical repair may be necessary.
Medicines: Anti inflammatory medicines and painkillers are usually used to relieve acute pain and inflammation of the joint. However they cannot be taken for a prolonged period of time due to their side effects. Thus other alternative medical treatments are often advised to the patient.
This includes physical therapy, acupuncture, occupational therapy, and use of orthotics. Joint replacement surgery may be necessary if the damage and erosion of joint tissue is severe.