Midfoot dislocation and fracture is collectively called as Lisfranc fracture. This happens because an arch is formed from a cluster of small bones on the top of the foot between the toes and ankles. Twisting is one of the most common midfoot dislocation causes, especially in athletes and dancers. The five long bones also known as metatarsals extend nearer the ankle. Lisfranc fracture is classified into three types:
- Homolateral. All the five long bones are dislocated in one direction. This may also suggest other foot bone fracture.
- Isolated. One or two long bones are displaced differently from the others.
- Divergent. The long bones are displaced in a vertical or horizontal plane. May also suggest involvement of other bones of the foot.
What Causes Midfoot Dislocation?
Some of the midfoot dislocation causes are the same with other bone dislocation and sprains:
- Accidental falls
- Twisting of the foot, which usually happens while windsurfing or when your foot is trapped and a twisting motion is elicited.
- Sudden forceful blow
- Vehicular accidents
Preventing Midfoot Dislocation
Knowing the midfoot dislocation causes is important to prevent it. Simply resting and not overexerting your foot will do. Avoid situations that will stimulate a sudden movement from your feet.
Symptoms of Midfoot Dislocation
How would you know if you are already suffering from midfoot dislocation? Aside from x-rays and other imaging studies, here are midfoot dislocation symptoms that you must be aware of:
- Black or bluish discoloration
- Unable to tolerate weights
- Severe cases may lead to joint degeneration and compartment syndrome
Treating Your Midfoot Dislocation at Home
Midfoot dislocation home remedies and treatment includes the following.
- Immobilize the affected foot using a bandage or splint
- Relax or rest
- Apply cold compress to reduce swelling and discomfort
- Elevate your foot to decrease swelling
Dislocations should be treated only by trained doctors. In severe cases, surgery may be prescribed.