The movement of hands takes place through a complex interplay of muscles, nerves, joints and bones. There are several muscles that control hand mobility and its ability to grasp an object. A person may feel weakness in his hands if any muscle or the nerve is damaged or becomes diseased. It apparently is manifested in the form of weak grip and abnormal hand movement. At the same time, the hand movement becomes easy when your joints are flexible.
Diseases of joint of your hand can thus affect its movement and make them weak.Weakness in hands can be temporary or permanent depending on the cause. Treatment aim is to strengthen the ability of hand so that a person can perform easily his day to day activity.
What Causes Weakness In Hands?
Most of the causes for weakness in hand are caused due to nerve dysfunction. The second cause for weakness is related to joint disorders. Very less are associated with muscle problems and disease related to blood vessels.
Weakness due to nerve problems are:
- Radial and ulnar nerve injury or compression can affect the movement of wrist, fingers, and hand.
- Carpal tunnel syndrome is very common anomaly that may cause weakness of wrist and your grip. The median nerve from forearm passes through a tunnel made up of bones and cartilage band. It often becomes narrow compressing the median nerve. Damage to this nerve substantially affects your ability to hold any object with your fingers.
- Cervical spondylosis can give rise to weakness in hands. Patient may complain of tingling numbness or pain in the hand of the affected side.
Diseases of muscles that may cause weakness in hands are:
- Myesthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease of muscles in which the muscles become easily fatigued. The immune system causes disruption in the message sent by the nerves to the muscles. All skeletal muscles of the body may be affected which also includes muscles of hands.
- Poliomyelitis is a viral infection that causes weakness and paralysis of muscles of legs and hands. The disease is gradual in onset and mainly affects small children. This condition is irreversible; however with physiotherapy some power in the muscles can be regained.
- Inflammation of the tendon can develop as a result of injury or due to wear and tear due to overuse of the muscles. Some patients may experience weakness in hand along with pain.
Other conditions such as fracture of hand wrist bone, rheumatoid arthritis of elbow, wrist and finger joint can lead to weakness and difficulty in movement of hand.
Signs And Symptoms Of Weakness In Hands
Weakness in the muscles of hands can be gradual in onset or may be abrupt depending on the underlying cause. Here are few important symptoms that may develop due to weakness in the hand caused due to muscle and nerve problems.
- Lack of sensation and tingling numbness in hands is one of the earliest symptoms of weakness in hands. This symptom develops due to damage to the nerve or lack of blood flow to the hands.
- Pain in hands that causes difficulty in lifting and holding any object.
- Patient is unable to perform his daily task such as buttoning or holding utensil due to pain and weakness.
- Loss of sensation of heat and cold or pin prick.
- Pain and burning sensation that may radiate upwards towards elbow and arm.
Home Remedies For Weakness In Hands
Home remedies for weakness in hands are effective as it helps to relieve the symptoms and enhance healing process.
- Application of ice pack on painful area helps to relieve pain in short period of time. Once pain is reduced patient may be able to move his hand freely.
- Applying heat packs on hand is effective in improving grip and mobility of hand. It is especially beneficial in reducing swelling in case of carpal tunnel syndrome.
- Cinnamon powder is time tested home remedy to relieve weakness in hands. Mix one teaspoon of honey in half spoon of cinnamon powder. Take this mixture daily for two to three months.
- Massage your hand with olive oil or coconut oil daily to reduce pain and tingling in hands. Massage promotes blood circulation in the affected hand. It is also beneficial in releasing pressure on nerves that may be responsible for weakness.
- Eat foods that are rich in vitamin B6 and B12 as deficiency of this vitamins can cause weakness and tingling in hands.