Knee joint is the largest of all joints in the body. It is essential to maintain stability and support. The knee plays an extremely important role in movement and as a result, it is susceptible to wear and tear. The knee joint is made up of bone, cartilage, muscles, tendons, ligaments etc. These structures can become weak due to repeated movement, accidents, and medical conditions such as arthritis.
Knees can also lose its strength due to aging. If a person experiences weakness in his knees, he will not be able to bear the load of the body.As a result, he may suffer from pain and restriction in leg movement. Regular exercise and knee care will help to strengthen and protect the muscles and tendons supporting the knee.
What Causes Weakness In Knees?
Knee weakness can occur due to many reasons. Traumatic injury to knee, medical conditions such as osteoarthritis, excessive overuse etc all can affect knee health. The most common causes of knee weakness are:
- Sedentary lifestyle and lack of activity.
- Repeated injury to knee affecting the cartilage, tendons and muscles.
- Knee sprain and strain on knees.
- Obesity can cause weakness of knees as it has to bear more weight.
- Knee and hip surgery.
- Osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis can cause Baker’s cyst on the back of the knee leading to weakness and pain in knee joint.
- Infection in knee joint is one of the causes for weakness in knees.
- Bone tumor in knee can cause pain and restriction in movement, leading to weakened knees.
What Are The Symptoms Of Weak Knees?
A weak knee can produce several symptoms. All these symptoms can affect day to day life of the patient. Knee problem begins as person ages. Pain and stiffness are two primary symptoms of any type of knee problem.
Knee weakness can also affect the gait of a person. Some of the symptoms of weak knees are:
- Pain in knees
- Instability of knee
- Difficulty in walking
- Difficulty in climbing stairs.
- Deformed knees and bow shaped legs.
- A grinding and popping sound in knee.
- Difficulty in straightening knee joint.
- Pain and stiffness while changing from one position to another.
- Redness, warmth, pain and swelling are some of the signs of infection in knees, which make the knee weak.
Natural Ways To Strengthen Weak Knees
Weak knee can occur due to many reasons. Here are some of the ways which can help a person to improve and strengthen his knees.
- Exercise plays an important role in alleviating knee problems. With any type of knee problem, the quadriceps, a largest anti-gravity muscle often loses its strength. Knee and leg exercises focused on strengthening muscles and tendons supporting knee can offer immense benefit. Once the muscles become strong, they provide support to weak knee. For example, a strong quadriceps can absorb the shock and prevent damage to meniscus and cartilage in the knee.
- Patient finds relief in pain from hot and cold fomentation.
- Wearing knee pads and supports is essential for a person whose knee is weak. It provides support and prevents dislocation of structures present in the knee.
- If the patient is overweight, he has to reduce his weight. Knee joint pain and unstable knee is common among overweight persons.
- Massage provides relief from pain and strengthens weak muscles. A gentle massage with essential oil always helps the knee to remain in the most functional position.
- Avoid certain strainful activities if you have weak knees. Avoid running or walking fast on pavements. Wear well cushioned shoes when you walk. It is better to consider swimming which is easier for the joints.