Vertigo And Vertigo-Associated Disorders: Causes & Treatment

Vertigo is a type of sudden sensation where you feel as if you are spinning or the things around you are moving. But in actuality the feeling is not real and things are not moving. Vertigo can occur at any age. It more commonly occurs among elderly age group over 60 years. This condition can remain temporarily or may last for a long period of time.

Vertigo can disturb daily life of a person considerably. Because of dizziness he often is not able to perform his work. This may lead to depression in many patients suffering from vertigo.

There are several disorders associated with vertigo. The most common of them all is benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV).

Treatment of vertigo is mainly aimed at attending and addressing the underlying cause. Treatment consists of medications and certain maneuver that may help to relieve the symptoms of vertigo.

Conditions That Cause Vertigo Associated Disorders

Vertigo can be divided into two types: peripheral vertigo and central vertigo.

  • Peripheral vertigo is related to diseases and disorders in inner ear or problem with the auditory nerve. This nerve connects inner ear and brain.
  • Central vertigo occurs when dizziness is associated with diseases in brain, particularly those that involve cerebellum.
    Cerebellum is a part of brain located in the hind portion of brain. Its main function is to control movement and coordination.

Conditions associated with peripheral vertigo:

  • Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common cause of dizziness. It can occur in all age group. It occurs with typical positional movement of head. Displacement of otolith particles in the inner ear during particular head movement can stimulate the vestibular nerve causing vertigo. Otoliths are calcium carbonate fragments within the inner ear fluid. They help the nerve to send message to the brain. BPPV usually affects older people. Women are affected more than men.
  • Meniere’s disease: It is problem associated with problem in inner ear. There is abnormal fluid accumulation in the inner ear that produces symptoms of meniere’s disease. The condition is often seen in people between 40 to 60 years of age.
  • Cholesteatoma: It is type of cyst in inner ear.
  • Labyrinthitis: Inflammatory changes in the labyrinth of the inner ear can misinterpret the position and movement of the body. Viral infection is mainly responsible for this cause.
  • Vestibular neuritis: Inflammation of the vertibular nerve can produce vertigo. The underlying cause is viral infection.
  • Otosclerosis: An abnormal growth in the inner ear is associated with vertigo.

Conditions associated with central vertigo:

The problem is linked with diseases and disorders in brain.

  • Migraine
  • Transient ischemic attack
  • Stroke
  • Cerebellar brain tumor
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Acoustic neuroma

Natural Home Treatment For Vertigo

Treatment of vertigo is aimed on the resolving the underlying cause. Vertigo is not a life threatening condition but people must be careful especially drivers and pilots. In some cases the condition ameliorates without any specific treatment. Many cases need treatment. In majority of cases medicines are used to treat the condition. Medicines include anti histamines, vestibular suppressants are effective in controlling vertigo.

Anti emetics (medicine used to stop vomiting) is helpful to reduce nausea and vomiting that are associated with vertigo. In case of infection in ear, oral antibiotics and antibiotic ear drops have to be used. Diuretic medicines, bed rest is essential to treat vertigo caused by meniere’s disease. If BPPV is the cause, Epley repositioning maneuver is beneficial. It helps to disperse and loosen the degenerated calcium crystals in the inner ear.

Certain home remedies have been found to be effective in ameliorating vertigo.

  • Ginkgo biloba: This herb is helpful in reducing vertigo. It improves blood flow in the brain. Tinnitus associated with vertigo is also reduced by this herbal medicine.
  • Lemon and ginger juice: Add a teaspoon of lemon juice and half teaspoon of ginger juice in a glass of water. It is effective in stimulating blood flow to brain and reduce dizziness.
  • Yoga and meditation are also beneficial for people suffering from vertigo.

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