Psychosis is a medical term used for series of mental illnesses in which the affected patient loses his touch with reality. In other words, patient believes, visualizes and experiences things that are not really present. Patient suffering from psychosis disorder has hallucinations and delusions. He may have false perception of hearing and seeing things. He may hold bizarre beliefs and false thoughts.
Psychosis disorder can be caused by organic psychosis such as brain tumor, meningitis, mental disorder due to psychoactive substance abuse, bipolar disorder, depression, and more serious schizophrenia. Patients suffering from psychosis disorder are confused and disorganized sometimes even becoming paranoid and violent.These patients have difficulty in their day to day life communication with others.
The disorder usually afflicts young adults between 20 to 30 years. However, elders can also suffer from psychosis. Patient suffering from psychosis should be treated without any delay or else the condition may worsen.
What Are The Causes Of Psychotic Disorder?
Almost 3 out of 100 people suffer from psychosis disorder. It can affect anyone, but is more commonly observed in young people between 20 to 30 years of age. The exact cause of psychosis disorder is not clear; however it is believed to be associated with abnormal changes in dopamine and serotonin, both the brain chemicals.
Environmental factors, illnesses, insomnia, drug abuse, stress, are suspected triggers. Genetics has been suspected to play a role in development of this mental condition. If someone in the family has psychosis disorder, the person has risk of suffering from the disorder.
Certain illnesses can cause psychosis disorder:
- Brain tumor.
- Infection in brain such as tubercular meningitis.
- Alzheimer disease, Parkinson disease etc.
- Brain conditions such as stroke and epilepsy.
Psychosis disorder can occur due changes in environmental circumstances. Alcohol, abuse of illegal drugs such as LSD, cocaine, etc can cause illusions and delusions among the users. Psychosis is associated with persons having lack of sleep. Overuse of stimulants, steroids, etc can also produce symptoms of psychosis.
Postpartum psychosis can occur in a woman after childbirth. Early detection and treatment in such case is important for the safety of child and mother.
Signs And Symptoms Of Psychosis Disorder
The signs and symptoms of psychosis disorder may vary from one person to another. It also depends on the type of psychotic disorder. Main symptoms of psychosis are hallucination, delusion, paranoia, and reduced ability of a person to think and act rationally.
In its beginning stage patient may have following symptoms:
- Suspicion on every person. Suspects that his near and dear one is trying to kill him or her.
- Withdraws from social structure and society.
- Hearing voices or visualizing things that are not present.
- Unusual behavior.
- Falsely believes of having supernatural power. He believes and imagines to be extremely rich or he is a leader of community, can make a dead person alive.
- Extremely sleepy or cannot sleep at all.
- Disorganized in all respects of life.
- Thoughts of suicide.
- Change in body language.
- Face blank without emotion.
Treatment Options For Psychosis Disorder
Early treatment of psychosis is of vital importance for recovery. Patient may completely recover from the condition with proper management in majority of cases. Behavioral therapy as well as medication is useful in treatment of psychosis disorder. Many patients benefit from anti-psychotic drugs and tranquilizers.
In most cases patient may need to take the treatment for short duration. But in case of schizophrenia, patient has to take medicines for lifetime to control symptoms. Behavioral therapy along with anti-psychotic therapy is the mainstay treatment for psychosis disorder.
- Certain home remedies such as cardamom has curative properties for treating nervous system disorders. Add powder of cardamom seeds in tea. Boil the tea for few minutes. Drink one cup of tea daily.
- Avoid alcohol and other strong stimulants.
- Omega 3 is beneficial in treatment of psychosis disorder. Eat foods that contain omega 3 such as fish, flax seed etc.
- Patient suffering from psychosis should exercise daily. Exercise helps to release feel good hormones which play vital role in reducing depression and other type of psychosis.