Microcystic acne unlike other forms of acne is more likely to leave behind scars after healing. This is why it needs to be efficiently removed with the help of professional dermatologist. Microcystic acne is tiny tender bump filled with pus that develops below the skin. This boil like cyst prominently erupts on cheek, chin and forehead. Also referred as cystic acne or acne vulgaris, this form of acne is deep seated within the skin layer. It develops when the skin pores are blocked with dead skin cells and sebum which leads to infection and inflammation.
Microcystic acne bulge out and become more obvious when the skin is stretched. They are painful and emotionally disturbing due to their appearance. Although not confined to teenagers, they are more commonly observed among them probably due to hormonal changes. Oily skin, increased sweating, stress all are contributing factors for development of microcystic acne.
Since microcystic acne is deep, it does not heal with normal cream or chemical peel. Oral antibiotics and other medications as recommended by dermatologist are effective for its cure. Together with conventional treatment, home care measures as an adjuvant therapy helps to reduce the risk of scars.
What Causes Microcystic Acne?
Researchers do not know the exact cause for development of cystic acne, including microcystic acne. However, hormones androgen is found to play its role. Teenagers are especially affected due to increase of androgen during this period. Change in hormone level often produces changes in skin and increase in sebum production. It can lead to clogged skin pores leading to infection and inflammation.
Microcystic acne has tendency to develop during menses, pregnancy and menopause among women due to changes in hormones during this period.
Some people have inherited tendency to develop acne cyst. If your father or mother or any siblings is suffering from cystic acne, you are likely to be affected. Increased sweating, too much of greasy skin, high humidity, are some other factors that may trigger or worsen the eruptions.
What Does Microcystic Acne Look Like?
Microcystic acne are tiny red bumps that usually erupt on face, especially on chin, cheek and on forehead. Sometimes back and shoulders are also affected. They are red and painful bumps. They are smaller in size but seated deep within the skin layer unlike normal superficial acne.
The head of microcystic acne become more prominent when skin around it is stretched. It is filled with pus. There are number of lesions appearing at same time. Because of its ugly appearance on face, it can cause psychological distress for the patient. People with acne cyst can feel depressed and may have low self esteem, especially as it leaves behind scar after healing.
Treatment Options For Microcystic Acne
Microcystic acne is small deep seated acne in the skin. As there is risk of scar formation, if you are having cystic acne you have to consult a dermatologist. Home remedies and natural remedies are useful as adjuvant therapy. Normal acne treatment with cream and chemical peeling is not useful for microcystic acne. Most dermatologists prescribe antibiotics for a period of time. This helps to cure the infection and reduce inflammation which allows the acne to heal.
Contraceptive medications have been found to be useful for treating microcystic acne. Talk with your doctor before taking contraceptive pills as some time they can cause headache and vomiting as side effect. Laser therapy is also effective for treating microcystic acne. Laser light acts on the gland that produces excess of oil as well as kills the bacteria which is responsible for inflammation. Laser therapy is also used for treating scars that are left behind after treatment.
Besides the conventional treatment, home care will help to reduce acne and resultant scarring.
- Eat more vegetables and fruits.
- Detoxify your body by simple fast for one day or a juice fast. Drink only fresh juice for 2 days. You will get all nutrients from the juice and it will provide rest to your stomach.
- Avoid refined sugar preparation, tea, coffee, and other stimulants.
- Avoid eating too much of dairy products.
- Omega 3 fatty acid is effective in stabilizing hormones. Eat foods such as flax seeds and fish that are rich in omega 3 fatty acids.
- Live stress free life. Meditate and practice yoga if you are stressed.
- Exercise daily as it helps to maintain equilibrium of hormones.