Lumbago is a musculoskeletal disorder of back, which medical practitioners refer it as low back pain. Most of us may have sometime or the other suffered from lumbago during the life time. It is common painful condition of back triggered by various problems such as overuse, injury to back muscles and ligaments, disk and spine problems of the lumbar spine.
Lumbago pain can be sudden and sharp or dull and long standing accompanied with stiffness and reduced mobility of lower back. Although low back pain is not life threatening, the severity of pain, stiffness and immobility can affect quality of routine life.Treatment of lumbago is conservative. There are several time tested home remedies that are found to be effective in treating the condition.
What Are The Main Causes Of Lumbago?
The lower back region includes lumbar and sacral spine. It has to bear much of the body weight and is responsible for wide range of free movement from the waist such as bending, turning sideways etc. Thus the muscles, ligaments, lower spine are under constant stress. In majority of cases lumbago occurs due to mechanical problem in the lumbar spine or the wear and tear of muscles attached to the spine.
Following are the common causes of lumbago:
- Muscle and ligament strain: Lifting heavy weight in workplace or at home, sudden bending or twisting from the lower back, awkward postures. This may cause spasm in the back muscle.
- Herniated disk of lumbar spine: Bulging of spinal disk or compression of the spinal disk can cause severe low back pain. The pain is chronic and may radiate to the thigh and lower leg if sciatic nerve is compressed.
- Spinal stenosis: It is a condition caused due to narrowing of the spinal canal. The nerves originating at the spinal cord at this region are compressed due to narrowing producing pain and stiffness in the back.
- Fracture: Fracture of the lower vertebra.
- Osteoarthrtis of lower spine: It usually occurs in elderly individuals. The condition is caused due to regular wear and tear of bones of the spine.
- Poor posture: It is one of the main causes of lumbago. Sloughing, sitting hunched for long time can cause pain and stiffness in the lower back.
Signs And Symptoms Of Lumbago
Following are the symptoms of lumbago. The primary symptom of lumbago is pain in lower back. Other symptoms accompany low back pain.
- Stiffness in the back which causes difficulty in movement.
- Pain may get aggravated with movement. Pain while bending forwards, sideways or backwards. This may limit daily activity of the person.
- Radiating pain in legs and thigh.
- Soreness in back due to spasm of back muscles.
- Tingling and weakness in leg caused due to irritation in the nerve root.
- Pain in lower back caused due to inflammation or disorders originating elsewhere such as in kidney or uterus.
Natural Remedies For Lumbago
Lumbago can be easily treated conservatively with home remedies. Here are some of the home remedies that will help greatly in relieving lumbago.
- Rest: Avoid activities that aggravate pain. Hence try to avoid lifting weight, bending, pushing heavy objects, sitting for prolonged period in one place, twisting etc.
- Ice: Apply ice fomentation for first few days as it helps to reduce pain and spasm. Apply at least three to four times in a day for 15 minutes.
- Garlic: Fry 2 to 3 cloves of garlic in mustard oil. Once the oil becomes cool, massage the painful area with oil. Include garlic in your food or eat two cloves of garlic daily. Garlic has anti inflammatory properties that will help to alleviate lumbago pain.
- Betel: Extract betel leaf juice and mix it with olive oil or coconut oil. Massage the prepared mixture on lower back. Betel leaves have poly phenols, the substance known to posses anti inflammatory and analgesic properties. It provides pain relief from pain.
- Hot fomentation: Place heating pad over the painful area of the lower back for 10 to 15 minutes, three to four time in a day.
- Arnica: Arnica is effective in alleviating inflammation of muscles caused due to strain and minor injury. Take homeopathic medicine arnica or apply arnica cream locally over the lower back.