Characteristics Of First Degree Burn: Causes & Home Remedies

Burns can be extremely painful even if they are first degree burns. Burns are categorized according to its severity. They are defined as first degree burn, second degree burn and third degree burns. First degree burns are mild burns and they are not life threatening.

First degree burns are superficial burn involving only the first upper layer of the skin. It is characterized by pain, redness, swelling and peeling of superficial skin. It does not cause blisters. Superficial burns heal within 5 to 7 days and in majority of cases it does not require any treatment.

Simple home remedies are effective in alleviating the symptoms and enhancing the healing of superficial burn injury.

Causes And Symptoms Of First Degree Burn

Majority of people sometime or the other in their life may have suffered from first degree burns. Sunburn, scalds from exposure to steam, skin burns while ironing clothes, exposure to hot water all can cause first degree burns. First degree burns are not deep and they do not involve the deeper structures such as the subcutaneous fat or the muscles. It does not form blisters but they are more painful.

The symptoms of first degree burn develop soon after few hours of exposure to the source. Pain and redness of the superficial skin are the two main features of first degree burn. The affected part of skin becomes swollen, but the swelling is mild. Peeling of skin occurs after 5 to 6 days.

Since first degree burns are superficial, symptoms are relieved soon after the skin starts peeling. Unlike second degree and third degree burns fluid filled blisters do not develop in first superficial burns. First degree burns do not leave behind scars.

Home Remedies For First Degree Burn

First degree burn or superficial burn as referred by many is minor burn injury. These types of burns are usually caused by contact with hot objects such as iron or with hot fluids, steam or after excessive sun exposure. Superficial burns can be treated at home with natural remedies.

However, if the area of first degree burn is large or if it is on face you should consult your doctor. Home remedies will help in alleviating pain and enhance healing process. Following tips will help:

  • Cool water: Hold the burned area under cool running water for 10 to 15 minutes. Alternately you can place a clean towel soaked in cool water over the affected area for few minutes frequently till you experience relief.
  • Aloe vera: Aloe vera is time tested home remedy to alleviate symptoms of burns. Apply fresh aloe vera gel extracted from the leaves or if it is not available, use aloe vera cream. It soothes the pain and encourages the healing process.
  • Tea bags: Place cold tea bags on the burned area. Tannic acid present in tea helps to draw out heat and helps the skin to cool down.
  • Lavender essential oil: Is another important natural cure for first degree burns. Lavender essential oil has properties to cure superficial burns faster. Mix lavender oil with coconut oil or any other carrier oil such as olive oil. Apply a thin layer of this oil on the skin surface of the affected area. It also helps to relieve pain present in superficial oil.