People feel different type of sensation in the abdomen and it is very difficult sometimes to relate these symptoms with a particular or probable abdominal disease. You may have heard vast majority of people complaining of abdominal discomfort. This term is used frequently for a sensation that exactly does not mean pain or cramp in abdomen. But the tight sensation makes a person feel slightly indisposed. The feeling of firmness may be from the structures within the abdomen or from the surface of the abdominal wall.
Abdominal tightness is a feeling which usually is not a specific symptom indicating a precise cause.However, if it is accompanied with other symptoms there may be a cause involved. The feeling of tightness can be localized to one place or may be diffused all over the abdomen.
Symptoms Accompanied With Abdominal Tightness
The feeling of abdominal firmness or tightness is a symptom. It is not a disease but may often be accompanied with other symptoms, mainly related to abdomen. Abdomen is a big cavity. Many organs are located in the abdomen at different places. The liver, intestine, spleen, stomach, appendix, pancreas are some of the vital organs present in the abdomen.
The front wall of the abdomen is made up of strong muscles that protect organs of abdomen. Most of the abdomen is made up of organs of digestive system. Hence, symptoms accompanying tightness usually include: nausea, vomiting, bloating, heartburn, eructation and belching, diarrhea and constipation, flatulence, loss of appetite, pain and tenderness in abdomen.
What Causes Of Tightness In The Abdomen?
Medical science for the sake of convenience has divided abdomen anatomically into four major quadrants. The organs are located in one of these quadrants. It becomes easier for the physician while examining the patient to isolate an illness pertaining to a particular organ. Following organs are located in four quadrants.
- Right upper quadrant: Gallbladder, liver, right kidney, a part of pancreas, colon and small intestine is situated under the right quadrant.
- Left side upper quadrant: Majority of this quadrant is occupied with spleen, stomach, pancreas, left kidney, a part of small intestine and colon.
- Right side lower quadrant: Major part of colon, intestine, appendix, right ovary and fallopian tube, and right ureter.
- Left lower quadrant: Colon, small intestine, left ovary and fallopian tube.
Abdominal tightness can occur due to number of reasons:
- One of the major reasons is cramps and tightening of the muscles of abdomen. Often after strenuous physical exercise or activity, the muscles of abdomen may be strained and stretched. It may give a feeling of tightness around the abdomen.
- A mild abdominal injury may go unnoticed, but it may have hurt the muscles of abdomen. After a period of time, person may feel something like a tight band around his abdomen.
- Constipation and diarrhea can be accompanied with feeling of abdominal tightness.
- Gasses and bloating of abdomen from indigestion can lead to tightened feeling in the abdominal area.
- Distension of abdomen due to ascites can stretch the muscles and tissue of abdominal cavity. This may cause a feeling of tightness. Ascites is collection of fluid in the abdominal cavity. It can occur in cirrhosis of liver, abdominal tumor etc. It gives a generalized tightness of abdomen.
- Inflammation of inner lining of stomach is called gastritis. It can occur due to many causes. Overeating, eating spicy food, alcoholic drinks etc can be the cause. Patient often complains of tightness in the upper middle area of the abdomen along with other symptoms of gastritis.
Home Remedies To Relieve Abdominal Tightness
The feeling of tightness in abdomen has several causes. Although the symptom may not be serious affecting the daily activity of a person, it may be quiet an annoyance for the patient. Following steps will help to relieve the patient from this uncomfortable feeling:
- Eat a healthy and nutritious diet which is rich in vegetables and fruits. It should be well balanced diet. It helps to reduce formation of gases, and burping. Patient should also drink 7 to 8 glasses of water in a day. Good hydration helps to reduce risk of constipation which is one of the causes for feeling of tightness. Patient should also avoid eating too much of spicy and oily food as this can cause hyper-acidity and gastritis.
- Discomfort produced due to diarrhea can be cured by flowing BRAT diet. Banana, rice, apple sauce, and toast are beneficial in soothing the hyperactive intestine.
- Patient should do mild exercise and remain active as it allows good circulation of blood which is essential for healing of minor injury to the abdominal muscles.
- Applying cold and hot fomentation over the abdomen is effective in treating irritated muscles of abdomen which cause tightness of abdomen.
- In some cases massage on the abdominal area is beneficial.