Elevated CK Enzyme Levels: Causes, Treatment For High Creatine Kinase

Creatine kinase (CK) is also known as creatine phosphokinase (CPK). This enzyme has a number of functions in the body and is often found in the skeletal muscles and heart muscles.

Where there are elevated levels of CK enzyme in the blood, it could be due to a number of reasons. Often, organs and muscles must have been damaged so that the levels of CK enzyme spike up.

High Creatine Kinase Levels

  • Having these elevated levels of the enzyme in the blood indicates underlying medical problems. Thus, it can be used to diagnose certain ailments in the body.
  • The doctor will know what tests to request so that proper diagnosis as to what really caused the elevated enzyme levels can be done.
  • Because the CK or CPK enzymes are often found in heart muscles, their elevated levels often mean injury or problems with the heart.
  • It is also quite possible for the CK enzymes to enter the blood stream. Thus, it can reach other parts of the body, including in the liver.
  • Because of the presence of these CK enzymes in high quantities in the blood stream, they could trigger further imbalances that could cause other enzyme levels to shoot up as well.
  • Thus, it is a good idea to understand why this happened – that the levels increased instead of decreased.

Elevated CK Enzyme Causes And Treatment

Causes of Elevated CK Enzyme

There are a number of possible reasons why the patient experiences elevated CK levels. Some of these are:

  • Physical or physiologic
  • Certain diseases such as muscle disease could be the culprit behind the increase in enzyme levels.
  • Some medical emergencies and conditions may also affect the levels of these enzymes in the blood. Such include snake bite poisoning, polymyositis, vitamin E-selenium deficiency, exercise-induced rhabdomyolysis, and genetic muscular dystrophies.

High CK Enzyme Levels Treatment

  • First, it might be a good idea to understand the ailment. What happened? What could possibly cause or trigger the leaking of these enzymes into the blood stream? Only when the root cause is determined can the proper treatment be provided for the patient.
  • When the root cause has been determined, the proper treatment will largely depend upon what this root cause is all about. For instance, if muscular problems due to injury or trauma had occurred, then chances are healing these injuries come foremost on the list of treatment possibilities.