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Causes of Microcytic Anemia
- Iron deficiencies, blood disorders, and certain types of cancer are thought to be common causes of microcytic anemia.
- The erythrocytes, also known as red blood cells, are very tiny because they are lacking hemoglobin.
Microcytic Anemia Symptoms
- The symptoms of microcytic anemia have a tendency to creep up on you. They are relatively mild as the condition begins.
- Some weakness, fatigue, and a decreased appetite may occur.
- The nails may become very fragile and break easily. Headaches may occur. The skin will be pale and there may be problems with concentration and focus.
- As the condition progresses the symptoms become more involved.
- Rapid heart rate and shortness of breath can progress to dizziness and chest pain.
- The skin becomes cold to touch because of low red blood cell counts.
- Nail beds and lips may appear cyanotic.
- A yellowing of the skin called jaundice can be evident.
Treatment For Microcytic Anemia
- The main goal for rectifying this condition is to beef up the red blood cell counts. Adding iron rich foods to the diet is necessary on a daily basis for microcytic anemia treatment.
- Iron is essential for getting oxygen to all the vital organs and cells in the body.
It actually is involved in producing erythrocytes.
- An easy way to remember which foods are best for adding iron is that most foods will come from animals. Liver and red meats are great choices.
- Iron can also be obtained through plants, such as the grain cereals. A bowl of Special K or bran type cereal in the morning will get you off to a healthy start.
- Spinach, cashews, sardines, red kidney beans, watercress, and apricots are other excellent choices.
- Transfusions may be necessary to get the blood counts up to a normal level.