Low Liver Enzymes: Causes And Treatment For Abnormal Liver Enzymes

Numerous enzymes present in the liver help it to perform the various metabolic functions normally. The liver is a very important organ that assists in the processes of digestion, excretion, blood purification and metabolism.

Lowered liver enzymes are an indication of liver damage which affects the liver function dramatically.

Liver Enzymes For Liver Function

The following enzymes are important for normal liver functioning. Their reduction causes grave harm:

  • Bilirubin
  • Globulin
  • Albumin
  • Prothrombin
  • ALT or Alanine Aminotransferase
  • AST or Aspartate Aminotransferase
  • ALP or Alkaline Phosphatse
  • GGT or Gamma-glutamyltranspeptidase

What Causes Low Liver Enzymes?

Causes for low liver enzymes are determined by liver function tests, ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, biopsy, etc.

Also, symptoms such as – jaundice, abdominal discomfort and pain, dark urine, tarry stools, bad breath, fever, reduced appetite and weakness help diagnose.

  • Liver diseases such as – cirrhosis and fatty liver disease
  • Liver hemangiomas
  • Severe diarrhoea
  • Iron deficiency
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Malnutrition
  • Fever and infections
  • Severe burns
  • Hypocalcemia
  • Protein deficiency
  • Pregnancy
  • Kidney diseases
  • Too much consumption of fat

Low Liver Enzymes Treatment

Experts say the most important aspect of the treatment of a liver disorder is a lifestyle overhaul. A suitable diet plan designed by a nutritionist is vital. A high fiber, low fat diet, elimination of processed foods, adequate exercise, no alcohol and optimal stress management is essential.

Alongside, doctors prescribe drugs that help re-establish normal liver function