Enema Administration, Cleansing | Enema Solutions, Benefits

Administering Enema

Administering enema is a procedure done to facilitate and to remove feces and or flatus. The procedure is usually indicated if the person is to have abdominal surgery or colon surgery. It is also done if the person is to undergo laboratory tests such as colonoscopy, which deals with insertion of a tube to view the colon lining and tissue to check for abnormalities.

Enema is a solution introduced into the rectum and sigmoid colon. There are 4 groups of enemas classified according to their action:

  • Cleansing enema
  • Carminative enema
  • Retention enema
  • Return flow enema

How to Administer Enema Correctly:

Incorrectly administered enema can result to complications and discomforts to the individual.

It would only likely either make the condition worse or it would just add another problem. Hence, here are a few basic guidelines to correctly administer enema.

  • The solution used should be in the right temperature, which is within 104 to 109 degrees Celsius for adults and 37.7 degrees Celsius for children. High temperatures can injure the bowel mucosa and administering cold enema solution can be uncomfortable for the client and may trigger a spasm of the sphincter muscles. Read on benefits of enemas
  • The amount of solution to be administered depends upon the kind of enema, the age of the person, and the person’s ability to retain the solution.
  • The height of the solution container, size of the tubing, viscosity of the fluid, and resistance of the solution govern the force of flow of the solution.
  • The time it takes to administer an enema largely depends on the amount of fluid to be instilled and the individuals’ tolerance.

Health Risks Involved in an Incorrectly Administered Enema

Health risks are likely to arise when there is an improper and incorrect administration of enema.

  • Fluid and electrolyte imbalance due the solution administered.
  • Persistent diarrhea
  • Stomach cramps and distention.
  • Spasm in the sphincter muscles causing fecal incontinence.

Home Advice on What to Do after an Incorrect Administration of Enema:

  • Replenish with oral rehydration such as homemade oresol
  • Encourage individual to drink plenty of fluids
  • Bed rest
  • Eat fruits rich in high soluble fiber content to facilitate and aid in the food absorption
  • If there are uncontrollable and persistent episodes of diarrhea, you may need to take medications that will control the bowel spasms.