Acid reflux is commonly faced problem in modern day hectic life of women; especially when they are pregnant. It is also known as gastro-esophageal reflux disease. In this condition, the acid secreted in the stomach regurgitates back into the esophagus. This occurs due to the relaxed lower sphincter of the esophagus and hiatus hernia.
Continuous reflux of acid will damage the inner lining of the esophagus, causing inflammation of esophagus.
Symptoms Of Acid Reflux In Women
Symptoms of acid reflux in women and men are almost similar. They are as follows:
- Heartburn: the women suffering with acid reflux will experience burning in esophagus, in the throat and under the sternum. It occurs when the acid content of stomach moves upwards to the esophagus.
- Bitter taste in mouth, burping and eructation due to regurgitation of food or acid reflux burping
- Nausea: women experience acid reflux nausea early in the morning, after getting up. This is due to the reclining position while sleeping.
- Vomiting: when the inner lining of esophagus is irritated due to acid reflux, the vagus nerve may react to it, causing spasm of the esophagus and vomiting.
- Pharyngitis or sore throat: the mucus membrane of the throat also gets inflamed causing pain in the throat.
- Pain the throat while swallowing solid and liquid.
- Dryness of throat.
Causes Of Acid Reflux And Heartburn In Women
Gastro esophageal reflux disease is the primary cause of heartburn in women. Regurgitation of stomach content into the esophagus results in retrosternal burning which is manifested in the form of heartburn. There are other factors that may be responsible for heart burn and these include:
- Peptic Ulcers: Ulceration of the lining of the stomach or the duodenum another factor associated with heartburn. Peptic ulcer may be caused due to H. pylori infection in the stomach, which tends to destroy the production of the protective mucosal layer on the stomach and duodenum, exposing the stomach lining to harsh stomach acids, resulting in ulceration
- Gastritis or inflammation of the gastric mucosa may also manifest in the form of heartburn.
- Gastroparesis or delayed emptying of the stomach may also be responsible for heart burn.
- Increased abdominal pressure following a meal can also result in heartburn.
Remedies For Heartburn In Women
- Use of antacids can be beneficial in management of heartburn.
- Cold milk has been found to be highly beneficial, especially to alleviate the symptoms of restrosternal burning.
- Avoid fatty, oily and spicy food, as these foods then to stimulate production of gastric acid which in turn may increase the symptoms associated with heartburn.