Normally once a bolus has been propelled into the stomach it does not reflux into the esophagus. The mechanism of the valvular junction between esophagus and the stomach restricts the gastric content back into the esophagus. When this is altered due to weak sphincter in the lower esophagus for a lengthy period, the acid content of gastric juice will irritate the lower end of esophagus resulting into inflammation of mucosal lining of esophagus.
Symptoms Of Acid Reflux Lung Damage
- Symptoms such as heartburn, nausea and vomiting with sore throat and breathlessness may present due to acid reflux.
- Lung damage occurs when gastric acid juice enters accidentally in the lungs and the air passage while vomiting caused due to reflux acid. The aspirated material may result into pneumonia which is known as aspiration pneumonia.
- Asthma is other lung disorder which results due to chronic acid reflux.
Acid Reflux And Lung Problems
The acid which is aspirated into the lungs can scar the lung tissues and if it occurs for a prolonged period irreversible lung damage can lead to bronchiactesis, a condition of breathing difficulty.
Acid reflux can also cause acute respiratory distress in children; which is life threatening.
Breathing difficulty is present in patients having iron deficiency anemia, acid reflux disorder should therefore be sought in persistent and unexplained iron deficiency anemia.
Treatment Of Acid Reflux Disease
Treatment is targeted to reduce acid reflux which causes lung damage.
Reduction in weight, well masticated small meals, meals 2 hours before retiring to bed, avoiding tight corset and garments, semi upright position while sleeping and bland diet are the simple ways to be followed to get relief from acid reflux and its sequel of lung damage.