Pneumonia is an acute inflammation of the lung tissue and alveoli of the lungs. It can be caused by an infective or non infective agent. The air passage is filled up with pus or mucus. The condition does not allow the oxygen saturation in the blood.
Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death and morbidity, both in developing and developed countries. It is the commonest cause of hospitalization in adults and children.
Is Pneumonia Contagious In Adults?
Pneumonia as a disease is not contagious, but the virus or bacteria which are the causative organisms for pneumonia can become infective to others.
They may or may not cause a full blown pneumonia; it may depend on the susceptibility and resistance of the person against the germs.
The mode of transmission is by inhaling the infectious droplets of the infected person.
Types Of Pneumonia
Pneumonia can be classified into community acquired pneumonia, hospital acquired pneumonia, and aspiration pneumonia.
Community acquired pneumonia affects young healthy adults.
Hospital acquired pneumonia can occur in subjects with weak immune system.
Aspiration pneumonia is usually in hospitalized debilitated individuals with aspiration of oropharyngeal content.
Symptoms Of Pneumonia In Adults
- Pain in chest especially while breathing or coughing.
- Shallow breathing.
- Red or green cough.
Diagnosis Of Pneumonia
- X-ray chest.
- Blood test
- CT scan.
Pneumonia Treatment In Adults
Treatment depends on the causative organism.
- Antibiotics are the line of treatment generally followed in modern medicine.
- In some cases doctors may start antiviral and anti fungal medicine as per the underlying cause.
- Home remedies should be an adjunct to the main line of treatment.
- The person can take raw juice of orange, apple, etc. vegetable juice is also beneficial.
- Turmeric and ginger is good mucolytic agent. They help to expel the mucus from the respiratory tract.