Pregnancy brings several changes in a woman’s body. These changes are both physical as well as emotional. At one end pregnancy is the joyous moment in a woman’s life. On the other, several changes that occur during this period may be unbearable for her to cope.
The physical changes like breast enlargement, silvery lines on her abdomen, increased weight and emotional mood changes are some of the cons that she may have to experience, although they are not so dangerous for her health. Most of the changes are related to hormones.
Fluctuation of hormones is not limited only during pregnancy, the imbalance persist even after childbirth.However, many women do not realize them as they have little time for themselves. The demand and care of her newborn keeps her always stressed. This takes toll on her body, primarily the endocrine system that controls hormonal system.
What Causes Hormonal Imbalance During Pregnancy?
Hormones in a non pregnant healthy woman are usually well balanced. Due to timely release, waxing and waning of certain female hormones she maintains her healthy reproductive life. The female hormones such as estrogen, progesterone, LH and FSH have a greater role to play. Their rise and fall at particular period will help to produce and release egg.These hormones maintain menstrual cycle.
When the egg is fertilized the hormones useful for reproduction are now takes up the job of continuing pregnancy. The endocrine system may increase secretion of some hormones that are vital to carry out pregnancy. At the same time release of certain non reproductive hormones may be decreased by the body. This imbalance of hormones also continues after childbirth. There is a surge in secretion of hormone that is necessary for producing milk in milk glands. Hormone prolactin becomes active after pregnancy.
Due to lack of proper secretion of non reproductive hormones, some women may suffer from several health issues. The endocrine glands such as thyroid gland may increase or decrease its activity. This may lead to hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism during this phase. Imbalance of hormones in some woman may increase the activity of adrenal gland resulting into tiredness, lack of energy, memory loss, etc.
Increase in cortisol level after pregnancy can prevent early healing of wound and inflammation. The hormone that triggers lactation will lower the hormones that trigger menstruation. Although it is caused due to imbalance, it is nature’s way of preventing second pregnancy while the woman is still breastfeeding her child.
Symptoms Of Hormone Imbalance After Pregnancy
Hormonal changes that occur soon after pregnancy can affect the daily life of a woman. These changes can occur at emotional and physical level. As a result of stress, lack of sleep, lack of rest she often becomes irritated or depressed without any reason.
Physical symptoms such as weight gain change in skin color and smoothness, loss of hair, can be an indication of hormonal imbalance after pregnancy. Below are given some of the important symptoms related with hormonal imbalance after pregnancy.
- Repeated mood swings.
- Loss of hair or excess of hair growth.
- Increased level of anxiety and stress.
- Irregularity in menstruation.
- Tiredness without any exertion.
- Reduce sleep.
- Infection in urinary tract.
How To Treat Hormonal Imbalance After Pregnancy?
After childbirth it takes few months for the hormone to return back to their normal level. Some women are able to cope with the imbalance after delivery while some of them may find it difficult. Women may need helping hand during this period of baby care.
Certain steps will quicken hormonal stability.
- Eat healthy diet after pregnancy. Increase intake of vegetables and fruits. Both are rich source of mineral and vitamins that help to maintain healthy endocrine system.
- Exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes. A walk in your garden for thirty minutes is also enough. Cycling and swimming are the other options.
- Homeopathic medicines for post partum depression and anxiety are beneficial.