The full form of MRSA is methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus bacteria.
The organism causes skin infection and many other infections in the body organs.
Statistical data suggest almost 20000 people die from MRSA per year in USA.
But currently it has reduced due to effective way of prevention in hospitals and in domiciliary treatment.
MRSA was first noted in a patient in 1961. Two years after antibiotic methicillin was used to treat Staphylococcus A. infection.
The resistance to the antibiotic methicillin was due to penicillin binding protein in the staphylococcus strain. In recent times it has evolved giving rise to multiple antibiotic resistance.It is also called a ‘superbug’ for its ability to resist several antibiotics.
MRSA Blood Infection Symptom
Most of the MRSA symptoms are related to skin.
- It starts with a boil.
- Then there is a stage of cellulites. I.e. infection of the skin with swelling just underneath the skin.
- Abscess: the pus fills in and around the skin.
- Carbuncle is a form of abscess, with many openings on the surface.
- Impetigo is pus filled blisters.
- The skin becomes red around the site of infection.
When MRSA infection spreads through blood to other organs in the body, it gives rise to a life threatening situation.These symptoms include
- Joint pains
- Shortness of breath
- Low blood pressure.
- Signs of septicemia may develop in some cases. It results into bacterial endocarditis, osteomyelitis, sepsis, and death occurs.
MRSA infection is contagious. It spreads from one person to another by physical contact. The bacteria penetrate through the cuts, abrasions or other skin conditions such as psoriasis in a healthy person from an infected person.
Diabetics, patient with burns, surgical wound in hospital, pneumonia, cancer etc have higher risk of MRSA infection.
Treatment of MRSA (Staph Skin) Blood Infection
- If the boil or an abscess has to be incised and drained.
- Culture and sensitivity of the pus, is useful microbiological investigation for isolating the bacteria and sensitivity of the antibiotic to kill the organism.
- Severe and moderate MRSA blood infection cases are treated in hospital with infusing IV antibiotics.
- Proper hygiene is kept in the surrounding.
- Care givers should take all precautionary measures for avoiding the spread.
- Healthy diet and fruits helps the immune system to fight the infection.
- Diabetics should control blood sugar.