An adrenal mass is a tumor or a benign mass in the adrenal glands. Adenomas / the mass are functioning, i.e. they synthesize hormones, or are non functioning.
Symptoms Of Adrenal Gland Mass
- Common symptoms are: hypertension, diabetes, low levels of potassium, anxiety, palpitations, and stretch-marks on the abdomen.
- Severe symptoms include: feeling always full / no appetite, fever, weight loss, abdominal pain and a lump in the abdomen.
- Cushing’s syndrome is also related to adrenal mass. Symptoms like acne, hirsuitism, hypertension, fatigue, and osteoporosis are associated with Cushing’s disease.
- Conn’s Syndrome may also develop due to an adenoma. There occurs excessive release of hormone aldosterone that governs the electrolyte balance.
- Pheochromocytoma: tumor of the adrenals that secretes hormones epinephrine and nor-epinephrine.
Treatment For Adrenal Glands
- A biopsy may be carried out to confirm the diagnosis.
- On the other hand, a laparotomy can be performed. This requires an incision to permit admission in to the abdomen.
- Laparoscopic Adrenalectomy: is a commonly used surgical procedure, which is highly effective in treating an adenoma. Tiny incisions are made to gain admission in to the abdomen, which is blown up like a balloon to push organs back from the instruments being used. A camera is inserted which assists the surgeon in the removal of the mass.
- Abdominal Laparotomy: is a more invasive surgery with a larger opening. Certain cases necessitate an abdominal laprotomy. A large incision under general anesthesia. The removal procedure is then carried out.