Many mental disorders that occur in children as well as adults are the result of chemical imbalance in the brain. If the imbalance is not corrected in time, its consequences can lead to serious mental state of heath such as depression, stress, ADHD, anxiety and various other psychiatric ailments. Human brain consists of billions and trillions of neurons which share messages with each other. This information is evaluated and analyzed by brain cells and put together in the form of thought process and communication.
The exchange of information between two nerve cells is possible due to chemicals present in the brain called neurotransmitters.There are various neurotransmitters such as dopamine, serotonin, gama-aminobutyric acid, etc. In a normal person, these chemicals are in balance with each other. Any type of impairment in the balance can cause changes in the way the person thinks and behaves.
Imbalance of brain chemical occurs when there is irregularity in secretion or absorption of these chemicals. Since children tend to learn information at rapid pace, it is important to know the psychological issue quickly so that their ability of learning is not affected.
Symptoms Of Chemical Imbalance In Children
Children suffering from mental, emotional and behavioral problems may be having chemical imbalance at the root of the issue.Following symptoms may be suggestive of chemical imbalance in children. These symptoms can have a serious impact on a child’s overall performance and health. The symptoms can range from mild to severe.
In some children the condition can surface with the symptoms of anxiety. It can present in the form of panic attacks, palpitation, giddiness, isolation, fluctuation of temperature or loss of control. Prolonged depression is also one of the symptoms of chemical imbalance in children. A depressed child is sad, pessimistic, and the activities that once he used to enjoy does not give him the same pleasure.
There is feeling of hopelessness and guilt. The child feels fatigued without any physical exercise. Some children may present with exaggerated mood swing. Sudden change in mood from extreme high to low usually occurs when the child is suffering from bipolar disorder. The child may talk nonstop, does not sleep, and has poor judgment.
A child having chemical imbalance also has attention deficit and very impulsive. He gets easily distracted. In many cases of chemical imbalance the child may become violent and abusive. He starts to bite and scratch others or his fellow companion after getting irritated on petty things. The child may throw things when angry on trivial matter.
Treatment For Chemical Imbalance In Children
There is no sure shot blood test that may help to detect chemical imbalance in a child’s brain. Once you take your child to your doctor for consultation after he shows symptoms of chemical imbalance, the pediatrician will evaluate the child if there is any underlying pathological condition.
If he does not find any pathology, he may recommend PET scan which helps to evaluate and analyze imbalance in neurotransmitters. When irregularities are found, the child is prescribed medications to prevent fluctuations in the brain chemicals. The basic goal of treatment is to make the child’s life more productive.