Category: Respiratory & Lung Diseases

Nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) is a ubiquitous bacterium that is known to cause serious lung disease. Its presence is ubiquitous in environment. The bacteria can be found in soil, water and some domestic as well as wild animals. Although the bacterium …

Asthma is a breathing disorder affecting the lungs. It causes variety of symptoms such as shortness of breath, tightness in chest, wheezing, cough and excess production of sputum. The pathogenesis of asthma is inflammation in walls of airway leading to …

The trachea or the windpipe as referred by many is a hollow tube like structure that is used for breathing. It is a part of respiratory system. In adults trachea is almost 1 inch in diameter and 5 to 6 …

Kussmaul respiration is an abnormal pattern of respiration characterized by deep and hurried breathing. It is one of the most distinctive feature of diabetic ketoacidosis, a serious metabolic complication of diabetes with associated dysfunction of kidneys.

Kussmaul breathing causes low …

Bronchi are tube like hollow structure through which air passes down into the tiny alveoli and the lung tissue. Bronchi are made up of smooth muscles. Bronchospasm is defined as abnormal contraction of smooth muscle of bronchus and the tiny …

Hyperventilation syndrome is a common occurrence and many people are known to suffer from this respiratory disorder. The condition is characterized by deep and rapid breathing which is usually associated with anxiety and stress. When you breathe you inhale oxygen …

Bronchitis is a disease of respiratory tract. The air inspired passes through tubes called bronchi into the lungs. Inflammation of bronchial tubes in medical term is known as bronchitis. Inflammatory changes in bronchi leads to excessive production of mucus and …

Acidosis develops when there is excessive acid in the body. Respiratory acidosis is a clinical condition in which the body is not able to flush out all the carbon dioxide from the blood. Exchange of gasses from the blood is …

Inflammation of bronchial passages leads to several untoward and distressing upper respiratory symptoms, such as breathlessness and cough. The bronchial passage is made up of soft bronchial tubes. It is through this bronchial passage the air ventilates in and out …

Flu shot is influenza vaccine. Vaccines are given to prevent a particular disease. Influenza is highly infectious respiratory tract disease caused due to influenza virus. The disease can cause mild to moderate sickness, but in rare cases it can give …

Asthma is a medical condition which is characterized by constriction of the bronchi or the air passages of the lungs, which in turn results in obstruction of the air flow through the lungs. This condition is associated with symptoms of …

The air passage allows air to move in and out of the lungs. Partial obstruction of the air passage results in a high pitched sound, due to resonance of the air passage, which is referred to as Stridor breathing. It …

Bronchitis is the inflammation of inner lining (mucus membrane) of the bronchial tubes. These tubes, also called ‘bronchi’ are the air passages that lead from the wind pipe into the lungs. The bronchi are lined by thin tiny hair like …

Fungal pneumonia is an acute inflammation of the lung parenchyma caused due to fungi. Fungal pneumonia can be caused by opportunistic fungi or it can spread by endemic fungus. The commonest mode of spread to the lungs is by inhalation …

Asthma is a respiratory condition, which is associated with narrowing of the air passages, either due to an autoimmune response to an allergy or some other pathology. Wheezing refers to the high pitched sound made by the air, as it …

Breath sounds can be normal or abnormal. Breath sounds are heard largely as the air passes through the main air passage. Terminal bronchi and alveoli don’t contribute to breath sounds; however pathology or disease in the terminal bronchi tends to …

The onset of complications from the symptoms of bacterial pneumonia can differ from one person to another. It can be mild for some patients but for some, it can have fatal results.

In order to avoid the scenarios mentioned in …

Surfactant is a liquid that coats the inner portion of the lungs and helps the lungs open up immediately so that the infants can breathe air once they are born. Without surfactant, the lungs tend to collapse and make breathing …

When people are exposed to large quantities of asbestos, asbestos poisoning often happens. This does not happen just through exposure, but mainly when asbestos fibers are ingested or inhaled by the person. Not only does this happen to those who …

Breathing trouble is an uncomfortable feeling caused due to many respiratory problems or other systemic diseases.

When there is shortness of breath, you find it hard to take in the oxygen that your body requires. Sometimes mild trouble breathing can …