Category: Neurological Disorders

Tremor is defined as an involuntary regular and repetitive shaking of a body part around a fixed point. Tremors are of various types, which include- Resting tremors, postural or action tremors and intention tremors.

Resting Tremors Symptoms

  • A resting tremor

What is Syringomyelia or Syringohydromyelia?

  • The formation of a cavity containing protein rich yellowish fluid not in communication with the central canal of spinal end and without any epithelial lining is called syringomyelia.
  • The formation of cavity in association with

What is Motor neuron diseases (MND)

  • Motor neuron diseases (MND) are a group of degenerative disorders affecting the motor neurons of spinal cord, brainstem and motor cortex.
  • The condition is progressive and has a fatal outcome.
  • The commonest subtype of

Epilepsy is a condition characterized by recurrent episodes of disturbance of movement, behavior, sensation and consciousness primarily of cerebral origin.

All disorders affecting the grey matter of brain can cause epilepsy.

Causes of symptomatic epilepsy

Increased intra-cranial pressure- tumor, hydrocephalus, …

Myelitis includes a wide range of inflammatory lesions of the spinal cord encompassing diverse pathological processes which may be infective or non-infective.

When there is a transverse and complete spinal syndrome it is referred to as transverse myelitis.

Etiology

  • Myelitis

Diabetes mellitus can develop many forms of neuropathy; these are classified into asymmetrical and symmetrical forms.

The asymmetrical forms include III or IV cranial mono-neuropathy, mono-neuritis multiplex, trunk radiculopathy, non-neuropathy e.g. diabetic femoral neuropathy and lumbo-sacral plexopathy.

Diabetic Femoral Neuropathy

The term “chorea” is derived from Greek word “dance”, is used to describe irregular, unpredictable, brief, jerky movements that flit from one part of the body to another in a random sequence.

In early stages, chorea is often mistaken for …

Mononeuropathy is also called as focal neuropathy means single nerve involvement.

Causes of Mononeuropathy

  • Trauma.
  • Compression.
  • Entrapment of nerve.
  • Tumor.
  • Hansen’s disease.
  • Diabetes mellitus.

Two commonest of the pressure palsies are

  • Saturday night palsy involving the radial nerve and
  • Lateral

Coma is the most severe state of impaired consciousness. It is a state of “unarousable psychological unresponsiveness in which the subjects lie with eyes closed they show no psychologically understandable response to external stimulus or inner need”.

  • Coma may vary

Pain experienced along the pathway of sciatic nerve is called sciatica. Sciatic nerve is a long nerve which originates from the lumbar spine. It runs from the lower back, buttocks and throughout the posterior aspect of the leg. When sciatic …