Hypotonia is a medical term which means loss of muscle tone or poor muscle tone. The condition is mainly observed in infants. A healthy muscle even while at rest has some amount of stiffness and tension; this can be expressed …

Rotator cuff is a series of four muscles and tendons that attaches to the bones of the shoulder joint. Its main function is to keep the shoulder joint stable and facilitate full mobility of the shoulder joint. Pinched tendon in …

Myofibrillar myopathy is a muscular disorder characterized by wasting and weakness of the muscles. The disease occurs due to degeneration of protein fibers that are vital for muscle contraction. These protein fibers in the muscles are described as myofibrils. Skeletal …

Experiencing cramps in legs after heavy exercise and workout is painful and debilitating. If you feel achy after workout, you are not alone. Most first timers or athletes doing rigorous exercise often complain of this discomforting symptom. Muscle cramps are …

Trapezitis is inflammation of the trapezius muscles causing episodic pain and spasm in neck. Trapezius is a major large muscle of back arising from the nape of neck. It attaches on the upper back and fans out towards shoulder. This …

Muscle spasticity is a condition characterized by feeling of stiffness and involuntary contraction of muscles. Spasticity can cause difficulty in moving and walking. The condition is extremely discomforting and sometime painful too. Muscle spasticity results usually from damage to the …

The meaning of myalgia is pain within muscles. Polymyalgia and fibromyalgia are two muscle related diseases where many of their symptoms are similar, yet they are two distinct medical identities. Due to symptom similarity, it is not easy for a …

Cycling is enjoyed by children as well as adults. It is a great fun activity besides providing an effective way to shed off extra calories and fats from abdominal area. Even cycling for few minutes is helpful to boost up …

Shoulder pain is one of the most common complain for which many people have to visit their doctor. The shoulder joint is a complex joint consisting bones, tendons and cartilage which allow smooth functioning of shoulder. Severe shoulder pain is …

Walking is inarguably the best form of exercise known to man. It has good effects on every part of body, but sometimes body oddities do occur due to walking. Calf muscle swelling and tenderness is one of them. The leg …

The tendon of big toe can tear due to an injury to the toe. Excessive upward bending of toe can put strain on the ligaments and tendons attached to it. It is also called as turf toe. This may cause …

Supraspinatus is one muscle out of four which makes up the rotator cuff. The others are infraspinatus, teres minor, and subscapularis. Supraspinatus tendon is a thick band of fiber which connects the muscle to the bone in the shoulder joint.…

Myopathy is a group of degenerative disease of muscle characterized by gradual weakness, wasting and dysfunction of skeletal muscles. In this condition there is no evidence of peripheral or central nervous involvement. Myopathy leads to weakness, spasm, inflammation, stiffness and …

Hip flexors are group of muscles which help the thigh to bend forwards and towards the hip joint. The muscles originate from hip bone and attach to the thigh bone. These muscles help to lift your thigh when you walk …

Ligaments are bands of connective tissue that connect one bone to another. Therefore ligaments are present in every joint of the body. The elasticity of ligaments helps to maintain range of motion of particular joint. It also stabilizes the joint.…

Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disorder. It is characterized by fluctuating weakness of voluntary muscles which becomes worse with activity and tends to recover after rest. The antibodies produced by the immune system in this condition interfere with neuromuscular transmission. …

Muscle strain or muscle pull is common injury experienced by many people in their daily life. The condition occurs when a muscle or group of muscles are overstretched leading to microscopic tears in muscle fibers. Muscle strain is painful condition …

Dupuytren’s contracture is a condition related to hand and fingers. The disorder is characterized with thickening and shortening of band like elastic tissue called palmar fascia that runs beneath the palmar skin and the fingers. Thickening and shortening of the …

Running is perhaps the most easiest and economical way of exercising. Running not only has physical rewards, but it also has social and psychological advantage. Regular running helps you to maintain over all fitness and health. It adds up years …

Everyone sometime or other must have experienced stiffness and contraction of muscles. Normally body muscles are supple and relaxed when at rest. They only contract during action, for example after a workout etc.

However, sometimes they become tensed and rigid …