Category: Infections

Laryngotracheobronchitis is other medical name for more commonly known condition called croup. laryngotracheobronchitis in adults is uncommon as compared to its occurrence in children. The most common identified organism responsible for it is parainfluenza-1. This disease affects larynx, trachea and …

Ludwig’s angina is a connective tissue infection occurring in the floor of mouth and beneath the tongue. It is life threatening condition mainly caused due to untreated dental abscess. Ludwig’s angina is rapidly progressive and potentially fulminant cellulitis mostly occurring …

Hepatitis B (HBV) is a viral infection affecting liver. It is caused by hepatitis B virus. HBV can be acute or chronic. Acute hepatitis B lasts for sometime after which the patient gets better. Some people get chronically infected with …

Meningococcal meningitis is a bacterial infection of the meninges. Meninges is a thin lining that surrounds and protects brain and spinal cord. Meningococcal meningitis is caused by gram negative bacteria called Neisseria meningitides. The bacteria can cause both endemic and …

Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is a sexually transmitted disease primarily involving the lymphatic system of the genital area. It is a disease mostly prevalent in tropical countries and sporadically in USA. LGV has wide range of clinical manifestation like transient lesions …

Glandular fever is a viral infection that mostly affects teenagers and young adults. The virus that causes glandular fever is called Epstein-Barr virus. Glandular fever is an infectious disease which mainly spreads through close contact, especially kissing. This is why …

Infection of gastrointestinal tract with intestinal pathogens is leading cause of morbidity and mortality all over world. The most common mode of transmission of any enteric microorganism is by ingesting water and food contaminated with human and animal feces. Cryptosporidium …

Mycoplasma genitalium is an anerobic bacteria living in the mucus membrane of urinary and genital tract of men and women. In recent times it has been known to be the most common cause of non gonococcal urethritis in men and …

Enteric diseases are infections occurring in the gastrointestinal system. There are several different types of enteric disease mostly caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi. Enteric diseases are usefully acute in onset. The disease is transmitted by eating and drinking …

Spinal cord abscess is an infection in and around the spinal cord characterized by formation of pus. Generally spinal cord abscess is caused due to bacterial infection. The common organism involved is staphylococcus species. In some cases the abscess can …

Ocular larva migrans is a type of parasitic infection caused by larvae of toxocara canis (dog roundworm). In this condition the larvae of roundworm migrates to eyes and the optic nerve causing visual disturbance, eye pain and strabismus. Ocular parasites …

Respiratory syncytial virus causes viral infection of respiratory tract. Although the infection is common in children, it has been observed to cause significant health problem in certain adult groups. Especially old people and adults suffering from heart disease and chronic …

Pyelonephritis is a kidney infection caused by bacteria or viruses. Infection can occur in one or both the kidneys. Pyelonephritis can occur in adults as well as children. Acute pyelonephritis is characterized by fever with rigors, flank pain, vomiting, and …

Rat lungworm disease is caused by roundworm called angiostrongylus cantonensis. The nematode (roundworm) resides in arteries of rat’s lung hence it is called rat lungworm. The larva of angiostrongylus cantonensis are excreted feces of rat. Snails and slugs act as …

Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a serious condition caused due to gastrointestinal infection, specifically after E. coli infection. The condition is characterized by triad of symptoms that include hemolytic anemia, low platelet count in blood and acute kidney failure. The disease …

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is an opportunistic fungal infection affecting the lungs among people having compromised immunity. The disease is often seen in people suffering from HIV, cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, or people taking immunosuppressant medicines for a long time. Fungus …

Babesiosis is disease in humans caused by a parasite called babesia mictroti, although other spices B. duncani, B. divergens and B. venatorum can also cause this infection. It is a tick borne illness. The spread of babesia mictroti occurs through …

Pericarditis is inflammation of pericardium. Pericardium is a sac like structure covering the heart. It has two layers, the outer fibrinous and the inner serous layer. The two layers are separated from each other by fluid which keeps the heart …

Meningitis is an infection and inflammation of meninges. Meninges is a thin membrane which acts as a protective covering for the brain and spinal cord. Haemophilus influenzae meningitis is caused by bacteria called haemophilus influenzae (H. influenza). In United States …

Human immunity is very complex system. It comprises of many facets to deal with the invading organisms. Nowadays the immune system is getting more and more attention with the emergence of newly identified disease called acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). …