Toxoplasmosis is a protozoan infection caused by a parasite called toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasmosis is widely prevalent among mammals and birds. The organism is mainly found in the feces of infected cat, or undercooked meat of pig and lamb. Transmission can …

What Is Trichinosis Infection?

  • Trichinosis in humans is caused by eating meat that is infected with the larvae of trichinella. It is one type of species of roundworm parasite.
  • After ingestion the parasitic larvae of roundworm can cross over the

Zika virus way back after its detection in 1947 was considered a rare tropical disease having mild symptoms. However, since 2015 and 2016, it has become a concerning health problem especially of tropical countries. Zika has spread in many states …

Liver abscess is collection of pus in liver caused by infectious organisms such as bacteria, parasites and fungi. Although a rare space occupying lesion, most liver abscesses are either pyogenic or ameobic. This condition is mainly seen among people living …

Meningeal tuberculosis also known as tubercular meningitis is caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis, the same bacterium that is responsible for tuberculosis of lung and elsewhere in the body. Meningeal tuberculosis is a disease of central nervous system. It is the most …

Weil’s disease is denominated as a serious form of infectious disease called leptospirosis. Weil’s disease is characterized by abnormal enlargement of liver, jaundice, hemorrhagic manifestations and multi organ failure. The infection is caused by species of leptospira bacteria. Humans primarily …

Similar to other parasites, tapeworms are known to cause intestinal infection in humans. Cysticercosis is an infection caused by larvae of the pork tapeworm called Taenia solium. This disease occurs when a person consumes food and water infested with eggs …

Yaws is a chronic, relapsing infectious disease that particularly affects skin, bones and the joint cartilage. This disease is caused by bacterium treponema pertenue. The bacterium belongs to the same family of treponema that causes syphilis. But both the diseases …

Peanut butter is extremely popular food paste and a spread in many countries. People eat peanut butter as a sandwich spread during breakfast and at lunchtime. This versatile food product is prepared from roasted peanuts. It is an excellent source …

Sinus infection is a common problem which needs immediate medical attention. Sinuses are hollow cavities filled with air in human skull and they are called paranasal sinuses. There are four pairs of paranasal sinuses, maxillary sinus being the largest of …

Enterococcus faecalis is a gram positive bacterium inhabiting in the large intestine of all individuals. In normal circumstances it is non pathogenic, this means it does not produce disease when it remains confined to the intestine. However, enterococcus faecalis can …

Antral ulcer is an ulcer in the antral area of the stomach. Antrum is the last lower end of the stomach which closes during the digestion of food and opens to allow the digested food to enter into the duodenum. …

Tuberculosis is one of the main causes of mortality and morbidity due to communicable disease. This infectious disease is common all over the world, but its prevalence is more in developing countries. Tuberculosis is primarily a disease of lungs. The …

Endometrial tuberculosis is a medical disease of female uterus. It is also referred as uterine tuberculosis or genital tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is an infectious disease caused by bacteria mycobacterium tuberculosis. Nearly always tuberculosis of female genital tract is secondary to a …

Malaria is a mosquito borne disease caused by plasmodium parasites. In tropical countries, malaria remains an important health problem. Millions of people die due to complications arising from this parasitic infection especially in tropical countries. Malaria is mainly caused by …

Herpes is a viral infection caused by a strain of virus called herpes virus 1 and herpes virus 2. Herpes virus 1 (HSV1) is also called herpes simplex. HSV 1 is responsible for what we commonly refer as cold sores. …

Shingles also commonly known as herpes zoster is a viral disease caused by varicella zoster virus. It is the same virus that causes chickenpox. The disease chickenpox gets cured within few days but the virus is not killed. It stays …

Trachea, often colloquially called by simple name as windpipe is a tube through which air passes down to the lungs. It is a vital part of respiratory system. Trachea branches down into two tubes called bronchi connected to lungs. Besides …

Paronychia is one of the commonest infections of fingers and thumb. It is bacterial or fungal infection of the skin surrounding nails. Usually the condition occurs when the skin around the fingernail or toenail is damaged due to manicure or …

Leishmaniasis is a protozoan disease caused by number of species belonging to genus leishmania. The disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected female sand fly. The parasite resides in the sand fly. There are three major form of …