Enteric diseases are infections occurring in the gastrointestinal system. There are several different types of enteric disease mostly caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi. Enteric diseases are usefully acute in onset. The disease is transmitted by eating and drinking …

Spinal cord abscess is an infection in and around the spinal cord characterized by formation of pus. Generally spinal cord abscess is caused due to bacterial infection. The common organism involved is staphylococcus species. In some cases the abscess can …

Ocular larva migrans is a type of parasitic infection caused by larvae of toxocara canis (dog roundworm). In this condition the larvae of roundworm migrates to eyes and the optic nerve causing visual disturbance, eye pain and strabismus. Ocular parasites …

Respiratory syncytial virus causes viral infection of respiratory tract. Although the infection is common in children, it has been observed to cause significant health problem in certain adult groups. Especially old people and adults suffering from heart disease and chronic …

Pyelonephritis is a kidney infection caused by bacteria or viruses. Infection can occur in one or both the kidneys. Pyelonephritis can occur in adults as well as children. Acute pyelonephritis is characterized by fever with rigors, flank pain, vomiting, and …

Rat lungworm disease is caused by roundworm called angiostrongylus cantonensis. The nematode (roundworm) resides in arteries of rat’s lung hence it is called rat lungworm. The larva of angiostrongylus cantonensis are excreted feces of rat. Snails and slugs act as …

Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a serious condition caused due to gastrointestinal infection, specifically after E. coli infection. The condition is characterized by triad of symptoms that include hemolytic anemia, low platelet count in blood and acute kidney failure. The disease …

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is an opportunistic fungal infection affecting the lungs among people having compromised immunity. The disease is often seen in people suffering from HIV, cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, or people taking immunosuppressant medicines for a long time. Fungus …

Babesiosis is disease in humans caused by a parasite called babesia mictroti, although other spices B. duncani, B. divergens and B. venatorum can also cause this infection. It is a tick borne illness. The spread of babesia mictroti occurs through …

Pericarditis is inflammation of pericardium. Pericardium is a sac like structure covering the heart. It has two layers, the outer fibrinous and the inner serous layer. The two layers are separated from each other by fluid which keeps the heart …

Meningitis is an infection and inflammation of meninges. Meninges is a thin membrane which acts as a protective covering for the brain and spinal cord. Haemophilus influenzae meningitis is caused by bacteria called haemophilus influenzae (H. influenza). In United States …

Human immunity is very complex system. It comprises of many facets to deal with the invading organisms. Nowadays the immune system is getting more and more attention with the emergence of newly identified disease called acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). …

Food-borne diseases are commonly referred as food poisoning. It is caused by eating contaminated food or beverages. Many different microbes and pathogens (bacteria, viruses and fungus) can spoil the food that we eat leading to food poisoning. In addition poisonous …

Septicemia is a medical term used for infection in the bloodstream. It is a serious life-threatening condition. Septicemia is a systemic response to an infection. The condition is also called bacteremia or blood poisoning by many. When a bacterial infection …

Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer in woman all over the world. Almost 99 percent of cervical cancer cases are caused due to Human papilloma virus infection (HPV). There are more than 100 types of HPV …

A small volume of nasal discharge is important as it keeps the nasal lining lubricated and moist. It prevents dryness inside the nose. The discharge also prevents dust and foreign microorganisms from entering into the back of nose and in …

Helicobacter heilmannii infection is an infection caused by gram negative bacterium called helicobacter heilmannii. This bacterium is responsible for producing infection in the stomach and duodenum. Helicobacter heilmannii belongs to the same family as helicobacter pylori, however H. pylori is …

Candida auris is a fungus belonging to the family of Candida species. Most people are familiar with Candida albicans infection as it is a common yeast infection of Candida family. Candida auris on the other hand was detected recently in …

Lymphadenopathy is enlargement of the lymph nodes. The inflammatory changes in lymph nodes can occur in several diseases, including dengue fever. Dengue fever is viral illness transmitted by bites of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The disease is common …

Wuchereria bancrofti is a parasitic worm which is responsible for causing filariasis infection. The mode of transmission of wuchereria bancrofti larvae is through mosquito bite. After entering in the body of an individual the larvae circulates in the blood and …