Rat lungworm disease is caused by roundworm called angiostrongylus cantonensis. The nematode (roundworm) resides in arteries of rat’s lung hence it is called rat lungworm. The larva of angiostrongylus cantonensis are excreted feces of rat. Snails and slugs act as …

Hemolytic uremic syndrome is a serious condition caused due to gastrointestinal infection, specifically after E. coli infection. The condition is characterized by triad of symptoms that include hemolytic anemia, low platelet count in blood and acute kidney failure. The disease …

Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is an opportunistic fungal infection affecting the lungs among people having compromised immunity. The disease is often seen in people suffering from HIV, cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy, or people taking immunosuppressant medicines for a long time. Fungus …

Babesiosis is disease in humans caused by a parasite called babesia mictroti, although other spices B. duncani, B. divergens and B. venatorum can also cause this infection. It is a tick borne illness. The spread of babesia mictroti occurs through …

Pericarditis is inflammation of pericardium. Pericardium is a sac like structure covering the heart. It has two layers, the outer fibrinous and the inner serous layer. The two layers are separated from each other by fluid which keeps the heart …

Meningitis is an infection and inflammation of meninges. Meninges is a thin membrane which acts as a protective covering for the brain and spinal cord. Haemophilus influenzae meningitis is caused by bacteria called haemophilus influenzae (H. influenza). In United States …

Human immunity is very complex system. It comprises of many facets to deal with the invading organisms. Nowadays the immune system is getting more and more attention with the emergence of newly identified disease called acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). …

Food-borne diseases are commonly referred as food poisoning. It is caused by eating contaminated food or beverages. Many different microbes and pathogens (bacteria, viruses and fungus) can spoil the food that we eat leading to food poisoning. In addition poisonous …

Septicemia is a medical term used for infection in the bloodstream. It is a serious life-threatening condition. Septicemia is a systemic response to an infection. The condition is also called bacteremia or blood poisoning by many. When a bacterial infection …

Cervical cancer is the second most common type of cancer in woman all over the world. Almost 99 percent of cervical cancer cases are caused due to Human papilloma virus infection (HPV). There are more than 100 types of HPV …

A small volume of nasal discharge is important as it keeps the nasal lining lubricated and moist. It prevents dryness inside the nose. The discharge also prevents dust and foreign microorganisms from entering into the back of nose and in …

Helicobacter heilmannii infection is an infection caused by gram negative bacterium called helicobacter heilmannii. This bacterium is responsible for producing infection in the stomach and duodenum. Helicobacter heilmannii belongs to the same family as helicobacter pylori, however H. pylori is …

Candida auris is a fungus belonging to the family of Candida species. Most people are familiar with Candida albicans infection as it is a common yeast infection of Candida family. Candida auris on the other hand was detected recently in …

Lymphadenopathy is enlargement of the lymph nodes. The inflammatory changes in lymph nodes can occur in several diseases, including dengue fever. Dengue fever is viral illness transmitted by bites of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The disease is common …

Wuchereria bancrofti is a parasitic worm which is responsible for causing filariasis infection. The mode of transmission of wuchereria bancrofti larvae is through mosquito bite. After entering in the body of an individual the larvae circulates in the blood and …

Anthrax is a disease caused by bacterium bacillus anthracis. The spores of this bacterium are responsible for spread of anthrax. Anthrax is mainly a disease among animals like cow, goat and sheep. However, sometimes humans can be afflicted with this …

Fungal infections are increasingly on a rise since last 20 to 30 years especially in critically ill or people with compromised immunity. Although infections caused by Aspergillus group of fungus remains on the top, other opportunistic fungi such as scedosporium …

Toxoplasmosis is a protozoan infection caused by a parasite called toxoplasma gondii. Toxoplasmosis is widely prevalent among mammals and birds. The organism is mainly found in the feces of infected cat, or undercooked meat of pig and lamb. Transmission can …

What Is Trichinosis Infection?

  • Trichinosis in humans is caused by eating meat that is infected with the larvae of trichinella. It is one type of species of roundworm parasite.
  • After ingestion the parasitic larvae of roundworm can cross over the

Zika virus way back after its detection in 1947 was considered a rare tropical disease having mild symptoms. However, since 2015 and 2016, it has become a concerning health problem especially of tropical countries. Zika has spread in many states …