Category: Heart Health

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a hereditary disorder of heart muscles. It is a condition in which the heart muscles are abnormally thick, especially the left lower chamber of heart (left ventricle). Because of abnormal thickness of the heart muscles, it …

Pulmonary atresia is a congenital birth defect of the heart. In this condition the pulmonary valve is absent. Its absence leads to trouble in flow of blood from the right ventricle of heart to the lungs. In a normal person …

The abnormal high level of fats (lipids) in blood in medical parlance is referred as hyperlipidemia. Common men know it as high cholesterol in blood. Lipids are fats. In our body there are two important lipids they are; triglyceride and …

Double inlet left ventricle (DILV) is a malformation of heart since birth. In this condition the two upper chambers of heart connect to the left ventricle. It is a rare disease affecting 5 out of 100000 live births. In DILV …

Angiosarcoma is a malignant tumor of blood vessels. This rare cancerous growth can develop at any site, but most commonly it occurs in the blood vessels of skin, particularly the skin of scalp, face and neck. In rare cases angiosarcoma …

Long Q-T syndrome is an abnormal disturbance of heart rhythm. The erratic behavior of the electrical system of heart can cause repeated attacks of fainting, ventricular tachycardia, seizure and even sudden cardiac arrest. The electrical activity controls contraction and relaxation …

Double outlet right ventricle (DORV) is a congenital anomaly of heart. It is a rare defect which involves aorta and pulmonary artery. Both these arteries are referred as great arteries. In a normal heart the aorta is connected to the …

When the abdominal aorta travels downwards in the abdomen, it branches into two large arteries. These arteries are called common iliac arteries. There are two such arteries, one on each side of lower abdomen. Their function is to provide blood …

Ectopic heartbeats are irregularity in heartbeats which may lead to small changes in the pulse. Ectopic heartbeat may be extra or missed beats, both are possible. Ectopic heartbeats occur between normal regular heartbeats momentarily. Usually they occur without any valid …

Cerebrovascular disease is a major health burden in developed as well as developing countries all around the world. It is a medical term used for disorders of blood vessels of brain in which the blood supply to certain part of …

Blood is an essential fluid in humans. Blood delivers oxygen and nutrients to each and every cell of the body. Pulse pressure is the pressure that is produced by the volume of blood while flowing through the circulatory system. A …

Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are type of malformation between arteries and veins. It is an abnormal tangle of veins and arteries. In humans the circulatory system consists of blood vessels and heart. There are three type of blood vessels namely the …

Heart cancer is a rare cancer that arises in heart. Just like any other cancer, heart cancer can be either primary or secondary. Primary cancer of heart develops from the structures of heart where as the origin of secondary cancer …

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a rare congenital heart defect. It means the deformity is present since birth. It is a condition in which the left side of heart is not completely developed. The normal left heart structures include the …

Interrupted aortic arch is a rare defect of heart. It occurs when the fetus is still in mother’s womb. In this disorder the development of aorta is not normal. This congenital anomaly is very rare and out of 1 million …

Idiopathic dilatation of pulmonary artery (IDPA) is a rare congenital structural defect of pulmonary artery. It is characterized by abnormal dilatation of pulmonary artery without any identifiable cause. This anomaly develops during the early developmental stage of fetal heart. Due …

Restenosis is repeated occurrence of stenosis. Stenosis is narrowing of the blood vessel which obstructs easy flow of blood through it. Usually restenosis occurs in artery or a large blood vessel which had been cleared of the blockage. It is …

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that can cause catastrophic health complications if left untreated. It can also transmit through infected blood transfusion or passed to the child from infected mother through placental blood during pregnancy. This infectious disease is …

Vasculitis is a medical term used for inflammation and necrosis of the blood vessel wall. Any type of blood vessel becomes a target. It may be an artery or a vein or small capillaries. Inflammation in blood vessel makes the …

Aorta is primary artery in the body. Its main function is to supply oxygenated blood from left ventricle of heart to each and every part of the body. It originates from the heart, curves around and passes through the chest …