Aorta is primary artery in the body. Its main function is to supply oxygenated blood from left ventricle of heart to each and every part of the body. It originates from the heart, curves around and passes through the chest …

Hypertrophy of heart muscles is common sequelae of ischemic heart disease. In ischemic cardiomyopathy the muscles of heart become weak, and thus they cannot pump well. Patients who have suffered heart attack in the past or have coronary artery disease …

Aorta is a large and thick artery which carries oxygenated blood from the heart to every part of the body. It is a thick and elastic artery which has to bear the force and high pressure of blood released from …

Heart attack is a serious disease and a leading cause of death in many parts of the world. Heart attack occurs when the heart muscles die due to insufficient supply of blood and oxygen. It develops as a result of …

Right to left cardiac shunt is a congenital heart defect. It is present since birth and leads to low oxygen level in blood. A cardiac shunt is an abnormal flow of blood between the chambers of heart. This abnormality occurs …

Medical science has made many advances which have allowed people to live longer and a healthier life. Researchers have invented drugs and ways to control and treat infectious diseases. They were one of the major causes of death in early …

Bluish discoloration of skin of hands, fingers and nail bed in medical parlance is known as cyanosis. It is a condition caused due to lack of oxygen in the blood. When present, this sign is always concerning because it is …

Echocardiography is an imaging technique which has become one of the most helpful investigations in the diagnostic armamentarium of cardiologists. It helps the doctor in assessing and managing a cardiac patient. This imaging technique uses high ultrasound waves to determine …

Fetal echocardiography is an extremely helpful imaging technique for diagnosis of fetal heart anomalies when the baby is still in the womb. It is similar to ultrasound sonography, a frequently used imaging technique for detecting problems in abdomen and pelvis. …

Shock for general mass is an emotional reaction to stressful situation. But in medical parlance shock has different meaning. It is life threatening condition in which the tissue and cells do not receive adequate amount of oxygen and nutrients for …

Palpitation is a condition of heart where it beats at a rapid rate than normal. A person can experience this sensation when there is actual abnormality in heartbeats or in case when the patient becomes extremely aware regarding his own …

The subclavian artery arises from the arch of aorta. Subclavian artery thrombosis is an obstruction of the artery caused due to a blood clot. Blockage of the artery is caused either due to narrowing from fatty plaques or an injury …

High blood pressure is one of the most common risk factor for major cardiovascular illnesses such as heart attack and stroke. Blood pressure in simple terminology is the pressure exerted by blood on the walls of arteries and veins while …

Blood transfusion has become life saving when there is severe blood loss or if your body is not preparing enough blood and its components. While blood transfusion is of great benefit, it has its own risks. Transfusion reaction can occur …

Aneurysm is formation of a pouch or a bulge at a weakened spot in the arterial wall. Aneurysm can develop in any artery, but mainly the aorta and carotid artery are affected. Carotid arteries supply blood to brain, face and …

Cardiac asthma is caused due to left heart failure and pulmonary edema (collection of fluid in lungs). The symptoms of cardiac asthma such as wheezing, cough, and breathlessness mimic with regular form of asthma and for this reason it is …

Atherosclerosis is a process in which the blood vessels carrying oxygenated blood and nutrient become narrow, hard and stiff restricting blood circulation. The reason of atherosclerosis is built up of plaque containing cholesterol, fats and other substances in artery walls.…

Cardiac enzymes are typically useful for evaluation of heart function. During a heart attack numbers of enzyme present in heart muscles are released into the blood stream. Elevation of cardiac enzymes helps the physician to diagnose if the patient is …

Angina is characterized by chest pain or pressure in chest. It is one of the most prominent symptoms of coronary artery disease. Patient may also experience pain in left shoulder, neck and jaw. Lack of blood supply to cardiac muscles …

Peripheral vascular disease also known as peripheral artery disease is progressive disorder of blood circulation. In this condition the arteries supplying blood to the peripheral part of body mainly the legs become narrow. As a result blood flow is reduced …