Interrupted aortic arch is a rare defect of heart. It occurs when the fetus is still in mother’s womb. In this disorder the development of aorta is not normal. This congenital anomaly is very rare and out of 1 million …

Idiopathic dilatation of pulmonary artery (IDPA) is a rare congenital structural defect of pulmonary artery. It is characterized by abnormal dilatation of pulmonary artery without any identifiable cause. This anomaly develops during the early developmental stage of fetal heart. Due …

Restenosis is repeated occurrence of stenosis. Stenosis is narrowing of the blood vessel which obstructs easy flow of blood through it. Usually restenosis occurs in artery or a large blood vessel which had been cleared of the blockage. It is …

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that can cause catastrophic health complications if left untreated. It can also transmit through infected blood transfusion or passed to the child from infected mother through placental blood during pregnancy. This infectious disease is …

Vasculitis is a medical term used for inflammation and necrosis of the blood vessel wall. Any type of blood vessel becomes a target. It may be an artery or a vein or small capillaries. Inflammation in blood vessel makes the …

Aorta is primary artery in the body. Its main function is to supply oxygenated blood from left ventricle of heart to each and every part of the body. It originates from the heart, curves around and passes through the chest …

Hypertrophy of heart muscles is common sequelae of ischemic heart disease. In ischemic cardiomyopathy the muscles of heart become weak, and thus they cannot pump well. Patients who have suffered heart attack in the past or have coronary artery disease …

Aorta is a large and thick artery which carries oxygenated blood from the heart to every part of the body. It is a thick and elastic artery which has to bear the force and high pressure of blood released from …

Heart attack is a serious disease and a leading cause of death in many parts of the world. Heart attack occurs when the heart muscles die due to insufficient supply of blood and oxygen. It develops as a result of …

Right to left cardiac shunt is a congenital heart defect. It is present since birth and leads to low oxygen level in blood. A cardiac shunt is an abnormal flow of blood between the chambers of heart. This abnormality occurs …

Medical science has made many advances which have allowed people to live longer and a healthier life. Researchers have invented drugs and ways to control and treat infectious diseases. They were one of the major causes of death in early …

Bluish discoloration of skin of hands, fingers and nail bed in medical parlance is known as cyanosis. It is a condition caused due to lack of oxygen in the blood. When present, this sign is always concerning because it is …

Echocardiography is an imaging technique which has become one of the most helpful investigations in the diagnostic armamentarium of cardiologists. It helps the doctor in assessing and managing a cardiac patient. This imaging technique uses high ultrasound waves to determine …

Fetal echocardiography is an extremely helpful imaging technique for diagnosis of fetal heart anomalies when the baby is still in the womb. It is similar to ultrasound sonography, a frequently used imaging technique for detecting problems in abdomen and pelvis. …

Shock for general mass is an emotional reaction to stressful situation. But in medical parlance shock has different meaning. It is life threatening condition in which the tissue and cells do not receive adequate amount of oxygen and nutrients for …

Palpitation is a condition of heart where it beats at a rapid rate than normal. A person can experience this sensation when there is actual abnormality in heartbeats or in case when the patient becomes extremely aware regarding his own …

The subclavian artery arises from the arch of aorta. Subclavian artery thrombosis is an obstruction of the artery caused due to a blood clot. Blockage of the artery is caused either due to narrowing from fatty plaques or an injury …

High blood pressure is one of the most common risk factor for major cardiovascular illnesses such as heart attack and stroke. Blood pressure in simple terminology is the pressure exerted by blood on the walls of arteries and veins while …

Blood transfusion has become life saving when there is severe blood loss or if your body is not preparing enough blood and its components. While blood transfusion is of great benefit, it has its own risks. Transfusion reaction can occur …

Aneurysm is formation of a pouch or a bulge at a weakened spot in the arterial wall. Aneurysm can develop in any artery, but mainly the aorta and carotid artery are affected. Carotid arteries supply blood to brain, face and …