Category: Heart Health

Ectopic heartbeats are irregularity in heartbeats which may lead to small changes in the pulse. Ectopic heartbeat may be extra or missed beats, both are possible. Ectopic heartbeats occur between normal regular heartbeats momentarily. Usually they occur without any valid …

Cerebrovascular disease is a major health burden in developed as well as developing countries all around the world. It is a medical term used for disorders of blood vessels of brain in which the blood supply to certain part of …

Blood is an essential fluid in humans. Blood delivers oxygen and nutrients to each and every cell of the body. Pulse pressure is the pressure that is produced by the volume of blood while flowing through the circulatory system. A …

Arteriovenous malformations (AVM) are type of malformation between arteries and veins. It is an abnormal tangle of veins and arteries. In humans the circulatory system consists of blood vessels and heart. There are three type of blood vessels namely the …

Heart cancer is a rare cancer that arises in heart. Just like any other cancer, heart cancer can be either primary or secondary. Primary cancer of heart develops from the structures of heart where as the origin of secondary cancer …

Hypoplastic left heart syndrome is a rare congenital heart defect. It means the deformity is present since birth. It is a condition in which the left side of heart is not completely developed. The normal left heart structures include the …

Interrupted aortic arch is a rare defect of heart. It occurs when the fetus is still in mother’s womb. In this disorder the development of aorta is not normal. This congenital anomaly is very rare and out of 1 million …

Idiopathic dilatation of pulmonary artery (IDPA) is a rare congenital structural defect of pulmonary artery. It is characterized by abnormal dilatation of pulmonary artery without any identifiable cause. This anomaly develops during the early developmental stage of fetal heart. Due …

Restenosis is repeated occurrence of stenosis. Stenosis is narrowing of the blood vessel which obstructs easy flow of blood through it. Usually restenosis occurs in artery or a large blood vessel which had been cleared of the blockage. It is …

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease that can cause catastrophic health complications if left untreated. It can also transmit through infected blood transfusion or passed to the child from infected mother through placental blood during pregnancy. This infectious disease is …

Vasculitis is a medical term used for inflammation and necrosis of the blood vessel wall. Any type of blood vessel becomes a target. It may be an artery or a vein or small capillaries. Inflammation in blood vessel makes the …

Aorta is primary artery in the body. Its main function is to supply oxygenated blood from left ventricle of heart to each and every part of the body. It originates from the heart, curves around and passes through the chest …

Hypertrophy of heart muscles is common sequelae of ischemic heart disease. In ischemic cardiomyopathy the muscles of heart become weak, and thus they cannot pump well. Patients who have suffered heart attack in the past or have coronary artery disease …

Aorta is a large and thick artery which carries oxygenated blood from the heart to every part of the body. It is a thick and elastic artery which has to bear the force and high pressure of blood released from …

Heart attack is a serious disease and a leading cause of death in many parts of the world. Heart attack occurs when the heart muscles die due to insufficient supply of blood and oxygen. It develops as a result of …

Right to left cardiac shunt is a congenital heart defect. It is present since birth and leads to low oxygen level in blood. A cardiac shunt is an abnormal flow of blood between the chambers of heart. This abnormality occurs …

Medical science has made many advances which have allowed people to live longer and a healthier life. Researchers have invented drugs and ways to control and treat infectious diseases. They were one of the major causes of death in early …

Bluish discoloration of skin of hands, fingers and nail bed in medical parlance is known as cyanosis. It is a condition caused due to lack of oxygen in the blood. When present, this sign is always concerning because it is …

Echocardiography is an imaging technique which has become one of the most helpful investigations in the diagnostic armamentarium of cardiologists. It helps the doctor in assessing and managing a cardiac patient. This imaging technique uses high ultrasound waves to determine …

Fetal echocardiography is an extremely helpful imaging technique for diagnosis of fetal heart anomalies when the baby is still in the womb. It is similar to ultrasound sonography, a frequently used imaging technique for detecting problems in abdomen and pelvis. …