Abdomen is a large space between chest and pelvis. The diaphragm forms upper border of abdomen while the pelvic bones form the lower end of abdomen. The abdomen consists of large number of organs such as stomach, small intestine, large …

Dryness in mouth together with blockage of nose is not an uncommon issue. Many people wake up in the morning complaining of difficulty in breathing because of blocked nose. At the same time they have an irritation and dryness in …

The normal color of human skin varies from dark brown, black and to the light shade. This all depends on the genetic makeup of a person. The blood flowing in the tiny vessels (capillaries) within the skin as well as …

Kidneys in humans are the main filtering organs. Kidneys filter fluids and waste material from the blood and pass it as urine. But a normal healthy kidney does not allow large amount of protein to be passed in urine. Protein …

Starfish is beautiful marine creature which comes in different variety of color such as blue, green, grey, purple etc. As the name suggests its body is shaped like a star. It usually has five arms which are attached to the …

A right amount of good sleep is essential for maintaining healthy body and mind. While there are many people who often complain of sleep deprivation or loss of sleep, there are many others who feel their excessive sleepiness makes them …

Traveling at high mountainous areas has become common. People visit such places for recreation or sports activities such as skiing, hiking, biking etc. At high altitudes many people get tired easily. It may be due to low level of oxygen …

A hernia is a clinical condition characterized by protrusion of viscera through a weak point in the muscular wall of its containing cavity. Hernia mainly occurs in abdominal cavity. Bilateral hernia is a bulge on both the sides of the …

Basophils are type of white blood cells. Basophilia is increase of basophils in circulating blood. They are also known as basophil granulocytes as they contain granule in their nucleus that is detected after staining the slide. Just like other type …

Parosmia is a smell disorder. In this disorder the part of brain that recognizes sense of smell is not able to perceive the odor of substances. In fact the odor of a substance is perceived as something offensive by the …

Schizophrenia is a chronic psychotic disease with an unknown etiology. This disease presents in many diverse ways where there is deterioration of personality due to disturbance in mental functions. Schizophrenia is divided into many subtypes; paranoid schizophrenia is one of …

May be a hangover is nature’s way of indicating that too much of alcohol is not good for you. If you drink alcohol, at some point in your life you may have experienced that hammering headache, lassitude and nausea the …

Spigelian hernia is a rare abdominal hernia present in people over the age of 50. Though present in both genders, it is more common in males than in females. The hernia is present below the umbilicus in the spigelian belt. …

A hernia is a bulge produced by protrusion of content through a weak point in its containing cavity. Abdominal hernias are the most common. There are several abdominal hernias such as inguinal hernia, umbilicus hernia and femoral hernia. Femoral hernia …

Raynaud’s is a disorder affecting the flow of blood in the arteries of fingertips and toes. Raynaud’s syndrome is defined as an episodic vasospasm of small arterioles of fingertips and toes which are exposed to cold temperature or emotional stress.…

When the blood gets collected in the space between skull and dura mater, it is called epidural hematoma. Dura mater is the membrane lining covering the brain and the spinal column. In most cases, epidural hematoma results after a brain …

Cancer of thymus gland is not as common as many other cancers. Thymus is a small gland located in the chest cavity. It is situated just behind the breastbone in the mediastinal space. Mediastinum is a space between the two …

Crest syndrome, also known as limited scleroderma, is an autoimmune disease affecting the skin and internal organs. It is one of the types of scleroderma. In this disease there is overproduction of collagen tissue which makes the skin ‘hard and …

A cyst is an abnormal growth, a closed sac which can develop anywhere in the body. There are several types of cysts and among them a dermoid cyst is a rare form of cyst which develops when the fetus is …