Lipoblastoma is a benign tumor of immature fat cells. It is usually a solitary tumor which is exclusively found in infants and children mostly below the age of 3 years. However, sporadic cases of this disease can occur in adolescents …

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is cancer of white blood cells present. The disease is characterized by abnormal multiplication of specific type of white blood cells called lymphocytes in bone marrow and blood. Normally lymphocytes main function is to fight infection but …

Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver is a non cancerous growth in liver. It usually develops in women during their reproductive age since there is an association of this condition with female reproductive hormones. However, 10 percent of males can …

Caudal regression syndrome is an uncommon and rare disorder in which there is impairment in development of lower half (caudal) of the body. The most deformed areas are usually lower back and lower extremities, genitourinary tract, gastrointestinal tract. The lower …

Sessile serrated adenomas of the colon are type of polyps that grow on the lining of colon and rectum. The lesions are predominantly observed in cecum and ascending colon. Sessile serrated adenoma is also called by other name as sessile …

Hypersensitivity angiitis is a disease that occurs due to hypersensitivity reaction usually by a drug or a foreign agent such as a virus or bacteria. It causes damage and inflammatory changes in the small blood vessels. This condition occurs when …

Nesidioblastosis of pancreas is a condition in which there is abnormal rise of insulin like growth factor 11. It is a protein essential for growth. The problem lies with abnormality in pancreatic function. Pancreas produce high amount of insulin which …

Pearson marrow pancreas syndrome is a rare disorder which is characterized by dysfunction of bone marrow and pancreas. This leads to anemia, low platelet count, diabetes and failure to thrive. This syndrome was first described by a hematologist named Howard …

MALT lymphoma is a type of cancer affecting the lymphatic system of the body. It is a non –Hodgkin lymphoma. MALT is a short term used for mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Mucosa is a tissue that lines many organs …

Angioleiomyoma is a non cancerous small sized tumor involving smooth muscles of blood vessels (arteries and veins). It has an affinity to develop just below the skin surface. It is a slow growing soft tissue lesion mainly present in lower …

Liver metastasis is cancer in liver that has its primary origin somewhere else in the body such as breast, stomach, lung etc. In majority of cases, cancer of liver is in metastatic form. The peculiarity of liver metastases is that …

Subarachnoid hemorrhage is a serious brain related disorder which can lead to stroke and sometime death of a person. The disease is caused due to hemorrhage in subarachnoid space that surrounds the brain. Between the skull and the brain, there …

Human stomach is a J shaped organ which is attached to esophagus on its upper side and distally with duodenum (first part of small intestine). Benign stomach tumors are non cancerous growths in stomach. They do not metastasize or infiltrate …

Gallbladder is small pear shaped hollow bag sitting just underneath the liver. Its main function is to store bile secreted by liver, besides other waste products. The bile stored in gallbladder gets emptied into the small intestine through a small …

There are two types of intestine in human body; namely the small and large intestine. Both are part of alimentary canal. The small intestine is a long hollow muscular tube which helps in digestion and secretion of food. It begins …

Duodenum is the first part of small intestine. It is C shaped tube almost 12 inches long extending from the lower end of stomach. The other end of duodenum continues into jejunum which is the second part of small intestine. …

Most surgeons frequently encounter appendicitis in their daily clinical practice. Acute appendicitis is inflammation of the appendix. Appendix is a small finger like hollow tube situated at the junction of small and large intestine at the right lower side of

Retrosternal chest pain is pain behind the sternum bone. This flat bone is located in middle of the chest. We often refer it as the breastbone. Retrosternal pain can be quiet severe sometime disrupting day to day life of a …

Ureters are long narrow tubes each attached to one kidney at its upper end and bladder at the lower end, functions to carry urine from kidney to bladder. Ureters are usually not focused upon much in diseases of the urinary …

Esophagus is a long hollow muscular tube that forms a passage for food and liquid between the mouth and stomach. It is situated behind the windpipe (trachea) and the heart. It is in front of the spine. Normally food and …