Category: Health FAQ 8

Bilharzia also known as schistisomiasis is water borne disease caused by a parasite. The parasite belongs to family of flatworm called Schistisoma. This disease is mainly found in developing countries having tropical or subtropical climate. There are many species of …

Calcium is the most important mineral for maintaining strong bones and teeth. Fortunately it is found abundantly in human body, especially in bones and teeth. Calcium also has critical role to play in various other activities such as transmission of …

Oxygen is most vital element for human survival. It is not possible to live without oxygen on this planet. Thus appropriate oxygen level is important for human body. Since the cells utilizes oxygen for energy metabolism, the body needs regular …

Dopamine is a chemical in brain which in medical literature is described as a neurotransmitter. It helps to send signal from one nerve cell to another. It is naturally produced in different parts of brain. Dopamine has wide range of …

Calf cramps are sudden and severe pain in calf muscles. It is caused due to involuntary contraction of the calf muscles. Leg cramps is frequently experienced by swimmers during the course of their training as well as competition. For swimmers …

High level of protein in kidney causes abnormal excretion of protein content through urine, which in medical terminology is referred as proteinuria. It mainly occurs when the kidneys are not functioning well. Amino acids are building block of protein. Protein …

Heart rate refers to number of times your heart beats in a minute. Monitoring your heart rate is important as it gives an indication of your fitness level. Often it gives a hint for a developing health related issue. A …

Tetraplegia or quadriplegia is medical term used for paralysis of all four limbs; the two hands, two legs as well as the trunk region. It occurs due to injury to spinal cord, mainly involving the cervical region of spinal cord …

The spleen is a large lymphatic organ located on left upper quadrant in abdomen. Its main function is to produce white blood cells, store red blood cells, filter dead red blood cells, and remove bacteria. It is considered to be …

Henoch-schonlein purpura (HSP) is a disease of small blood vessels. It is characterized by acute inflammation and leakage of blood from the arterioles, venules and capillaries. This systemic small vessel vasculitis leads to inflammation and bleeding in many parts of …

Drug-induced lupus erythematosus (DILE) is a type of lupus erythematosus that is caused after long term or chronic use of certain prescription drugs. Similar to systemic lupus, DILE is also an autoimmune condition. The drug involved causes an autoimmune response …

A computed tomography (CT) scan is a non invasive diagnostic imaging technique. It helps to create pictures of inside of the body with the use of X-rays and a computer. Also known as CAT scan (computed axial tomography), this important …

Edema is leakage of fluid from the tiny blood vessels called capillaries into surrounding tissues. This fluid gets accumulated in the interstitial space giving rise to swelling and several other symptoms. Actually edema is a medical terminology used for swelling. …

Gallbladder cancer is cancer that develops in gallbladder. It is an aggressive disease often having poor prognosis. Gall bladder cancer is not a common cancer despite being a common malignancy among other biliary tract cancers. Gallbladder is a small pear …

A cyst is a small sac filled with fluid within the wall of its containing cavity. A cyst can develop in several places in the body including the kidney. According to an estimate, many healthy adults have kidney cyst. It …

Ehlers Danlos syndrome is a hereditary disorder affecting connective tissue of the body such as the skin, blood vessels, joints etc. Connective tissues are important for maintaining elasticity and strength of the structures underlying them. There are six different variants …

Noonan syndrome is a genetic condition that manifests broad spectrum of congenital abnormalities which include characteristic facial features, chest deformity, short stature, congenital heart disease, kidney malformation, increased bleeding tendency etc. In short in this genetic disease there is abnormal …

Selective mutism is a type of anxiety disorder in which the affected person cannot speak in a particular situation or with a particular person despite his capability of speaking normally. Although perceived to be a disorder of children, selective mutism …

Retroperitoneal fibrosis is a rare disease that occurs when too much of fibrous tissue and chronic inflammation begins to develop in the retroperitoneal cavity of abdomen. It is the area at the back of stomach and intestine. Fibrosis is excess …

Abdominal adhesions are fibrous scar tissues that adhere to structures present in the abdomen. This includes various organs in the abdominal cavity and the abdominal wall. Normally the tissues and organs in the abdominal cavity slide smoothly against each other …