Acanthocytosis is abnormal form of red blood cells (RBC). These red blood cells have spiny projections on its surface membrane. The peculiar change occurs as a result of alteration in the fat content of the cellular membrane of red blood …

Angiomyolipoma is a benign tumor comprising of blood vessels, fatty tissue and smooth muscles. Angiomyolipoma of stomach is not as common as angiomyolipoma of kidney. Both adult men and women are equally affected by this benign growth. Most angiomyolipoma of …

Metabolic encephalopathy is the term used to describe damage to the brain caused due to serious impairment of body’s metabolic activity. The damage can be temporary or permanent. Systemic diseases such as diabetes, cirrhosis of liver, kidney failure, heart failure …

Cholecystitis is inflammation of the wall of gallbladder that results in pain in right upper quadrant of abdomen along with tenderness. Chronic cholecystitis is inflammation of gallbladder that persists for long period of time. Person suffering from chronic cholecystitis has …

Pneumothorax is a medical term which means air in the pleural space. It is a space between the lungs and chest wall. Tension pneumothorax occurs when air gets accumulated in this space under pressure and gets trapped. It leads to …

Skene’s gland cancer is a rare malignant tumor of skene’s gland which is situated near the opening of female urethra. It is also called adenocarcinoma of Skene’s gland. The disease mainly occurs in elderly females. Skene’s glands are considered homologus …

Adenine phosphoribosyltransferase (APRT) deficiency is an inherited rare disorder affecting the renal system. This condition is mainly seen in people of Japanese, European and Iceland origin. The condition is characterized by repeated formation of stones in kidney and urinary tract. …

Barbiturates are group of drugs that are mainly used to calm and relax mind and induce sleep. It acts by depressing the central nervous system. Thus they have been used as prescription drugs in emotionally disturbed individuals suffering from insomnia, …

There are several species of octopuses in sea. They come in various size and color. Among them blue ringed octopus is one of the deadliest. This marine creature inhabits in region of Indo Pacific Ocean which includes Australia, New Zealand, …

Lipoblastoma is a benign tumor of immature fat cells. It is usually a solitary tumor which is exclusively found in infants and children mostly below the age of 3 years. However, sporadic cases of this disease can occur in adolescents …

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is cancer of white blood cells present. The disease is characterized by abnormal multiplication of specific type of white blood cells called lymphocytes in bone marrow and blood. Normally lymphocytes main function is to fight infection but …

Focal nodular hyperplasia of the liver is a non cancerous growth in liver. It usually develops in women during their reproductive age since there is an association of this condition with female reproductive hormones. However, 10 percent of males can …

Caudal regression syndrome is an uncommon and rare disorder in which there is impairment in development of lower half (caudal) of the body. The most deformed areas are usually lower back and lower extremities, genitourinary tract, gastrointestinal tract. The lower …

Sessile serrated adenomas of the colon are type of polyps that grow on the lining of colon and rectum. The lesions are predominantly observed in cecum and ascending colon. Sessile serrated adenoma is also called by other name as sessile …

Hypersensitivity angiitis is a disease that occurs due to hypersensitivity reaction usually by a drug or a foreign agent such as a virus or bacteria. It causes damage and inflammatory changes in the small blood vessels. This condition occurs when …

Nesidioblastosis of pancreas is a condition in which there is abnormal rise of insulin like growth factor 11. It is a protein essential for growth. The problem lies with abnormality in pancreatic function. Pancreas produce high amount of insulin which …

Pearson marrow pancreas syndrome is a rare disorder which is characterized by dysfunction of bone marrow and pancreas. This leads to anemia, low platelet count, diabetes and failure to thrive. This syndrome was first described by a hematologist named Howard …

MALT lymphoma is a type of cancer affecting the lymphatic system of the body. It is a non –Hodgkin lymphoma. MALT is a short term used for mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. Mucosa is a tissue that lines many organs …

Angioleiomyoma is a non cancerous small sized tumor involving smooth muscles of blood vessels (arteries and veins). It has an affinity to develop just below the skin surface. It is a slow growing soft tissue lesion mainly present in lower …

Liver metastasis is cancer in liver that has its primary origin somewhere else in the body such as breast, stomach, lung etc. In majority of cases, cancer of liver is in metastatic form. The peculiarity of liver metastases is that …