Category: Endocrine System

Hypothyroidism is a condition that results from deficient production of thyroid hormones. In infants it is a rare condition but is not completely ruled out. According to statistics, out of 4000 infants only one may suffer from this condition. Hypothyroidism …

Adrenal glands are two tiny glands. Each of them lies on the upper pole of kidney. The gland consists of two layers, the inner medulla which secretes adrenaline and noradrenaline hormone. The outer cortex secretes cortisol, aldosterone and many other …

The thyroid gland is butterfly shaped gland and is situated in the anterior aspect of the neck. The clinical picture of hypothyroidism varies widely in men, and depends up on the duration and intensity of deficiency.

Hypothyroidism is the medical …

Testosterone is an important sex hormone which is responsible for development of the reproductive organs in males. They are also responsible for development of secondary sexual characteristics like increased muscle and bone mass, deepening of voice, growth of beard and …

Adrenal glands are located on top of both the kidneys. These glands secrete hormones that are essential to regulate blood pressure and heart rate. In addition, these glands release hormones that play a crucial role in the natural defense mechanism …

Endocrinology is a branch of science that deals with the study of endocrine system in human body. Just like digestive system, respiratory system etc., endocrine system consists of glands located in different parts of the body. The main function of …

Elevated levels of prolactin, also referred to as hyperprolactinemia, is associated with a wide range of pathologies. Prolactin is secreted by the pituitary gland which is located in the base of the skull. Elevated levels of prolactin may affect both …

Progesterone is a very essential reproductive hormone and plays a crucial role in the various metabolic activities in the body. Fluctuation and alterations in the level of progesterone are often associated with uncomfortable symptoms. Progesterone plays a crucial role in …

Hashimoto’s thyroiditis is a clinical condition caused due to inflammation of the thyroid gland. It was first described by a Japanese doctor Hakaru Hashimoto. Thyroid is butterfly shaped gland situated in front of the neck just above Adam’s apple.

Thyroid …

Generalized enlargement of thyroid gland is called goiter. Thyroid gland is butterfly shaped gland located in front of the neck, just below the Adam’s apple. Behind the thyroid gland lies wind pipe (larynx) and food pipe. Most of the times …

Lipase is an enzyme that the body produces to aid in the digestion, processing, and transport of dietary lipids such as fats, oils, and triglycerides. There are a number of different lipase enzymes, with different functions and targeting certain lipids.…

Giving birth promises exciting changes for the new mother. However, one annoying change that may come with motherhood is a condition called postpartum thyroiditis, which is the inflammation of the thyroid gland. Although painless and temporary, this maternal illness may …

Testosterone is the principal hormone in male which is required for production of sperms. Testosterone is also responsible for development of secondary sexual characteristics, such as facial hairs, pubic hairs, sex organs, change in the voice, development of muscle mass …

The pineal gland has caught the interest of many endocrinologists. For such a small gland it plays an important function in the body and is also responsible for the secretion of many types of hormones. Understanding the pineal gland, will …

Estrogen is a hormone that is present in both males and females but the hormone is predominant in females. Estrogen holds an important function in the body. It serves as the body’s messenger and acts to transport information to the …

Thyroid gland is considered to be a master gland in human beings. It is one such gland which regulates many bodily functions, to name the few, such as human body temperature, fat and protein metabolism, hormonal balance and last but …

What Are the Adrenal Cortex Hormones

  • Three types of hormones are produced by the adrenal cortex.
  • Glucocorticoids are involved in glucose metabolism and also stop risks of inflammation. Examples include cortisol, cortisone and corticosterone.
  • Mineralocorticoids regulate the electrolyte levels of

TSH is thyroid stimulating hormone; it is secreted by the pituitary gland in the brain. The function of TSH is to regulate the amount of thyroid hormone T3 (triiodothyronine) and T4 (thyroxin) in the blood for various metabolic activities, growth …

The parathyroid hormone (PTH) is secreted by parathyroid glands. Parathyroid hormones control the concentration of calcium and inorganic phosphorus in the blood. When calcium level in the blood is too low, PTH is released from the parathyroid gland. The released …

ACTH deficiency is a rare endocrinal disorder which involves the lack of production of adrenocorticotrophic hormone, which in turn results in production of lower levels of cortisol and steroid hormones by the adrenal medulla.

Symptoms Of ACTH Deficiency

The ACTH …