Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is the most common form of idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Of all forms of epilepsies at least 10% are JME. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy begins in late childhood and adolescence years. The prefix ‘juvenile’ signifies that first episode …

Scalded skin syndrome is a skin disease caused due to toxin released by staphylococcus aureus bacteria. These toxins bind and attack the upper layer of skin to cause skin redness, blisters, and sloughing. The lesions appear similar to scalds caused …

Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by difficulty in breathing as the air passage becomes temporarily inflamed and narrow. Pediatric asthma is as common as adult asthma. There are millions of children in United States suffering from this chronic …

Paleness refers to abnormal color change in skin and mucus membrane. Usually skin pallor in children is missed by many parents as they do not evaluate the child’s skin regularly even though it is apparent. The skin becomes unusually light …

Testicular cancer is cancer of testis. The two testicles are of the size of ping pong ball. They lie inside the baglike skin structure called scrotum. Testicles hang below the penis and they are part of male reproductive organs. They …

Insomnia is a disorder of sleep, where the person experiences trouble to fall sleep or to stay asleep during night. The problem of falling asleep is not only restricted to adults, there are many babies and toddlers who wake up …

Abdominal pain is a common health problem in toddlers and children. Although majority of the reasons of stomachache are self limiting and benign, it is difficult for parents to evaluate the cause. It can be as minor as constipation and …

Tourette syndrome (TS) is disorder of nervous system. French physician George Gilles de Tourrette way back in 1885 was the first person to diagnose the condition. Tourette syndrome is characterized by involuntary rapid repetitive movement or vocal sounds also known …

Barking and hoarse cough is called croup. Croup occurs due to infection and inflammation in the upper respiratory tract, especially the larynx or the voice box and the trachea (wind pipe). It is generally observed in children 6 months to …

Anemia is the most common disorder of blood in children and infants. In this blood disorder the red blood cells (RBC) are too less. Anemia can cause many health problems in infants and children due to deficit of red blood …

Stomach upset is common problem in babies. It may include gases, reflux, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach ache, and constipation. Stomach upset is a colloquial term used for what medical professionals call gastroenteritis. Although stomach upset is a minor health problem in …

Einstein syndrome is a term coined for group of symptoms observed by Thomas Sowell in his book ‘Late-talking children’, published in 1997. Sowell is an economist, and a political philosopher. The syndrome pertains to children who are late talkers but …

Fever in infants is one of the scariest medical conditions for any parent. Rectal temperature measured more than 100.4 degree Fahrenheit is considered abnormal for any infant. Fever in fact is a way body defends itself.

Parents often consider high …

Many mothers are worried when their child refuses to eat food. Toddler feeding problem is not uncommon and at some point during this stage of life, every child becomes fussy. However, you should not worry if your toddler misses one …

Constipation in newborn and infants is common. This condition is not only painful and discomforting for the child, but even for the parents to watch their baby strain and cry during the bowel movement. Not all newborn babies tend to …

The peripheral blood contains different type of white blood cells. Neutrophils are one such type of white blood cells. Neutropenia is a term used when neutrophil count is lower than normal. Anyone can suffer from neutropenia; children as well as …

Arthritis is a medical condition characterized by pain, stiffness, swelling in one or more joints. It can also involve other internal organs and the immune system. Arthritis can develop spontaneously or gradual in onset. There are various forms of arthritis; …

With modern day dietary pattern rotten teeth or dental carries has become a menace for children as well as for the parents. The consumption of sugary food by children has become a common trend; actually some of the blame should …

Walking on toes is common among children for first few years of their milestone. However, after 2 years most of them begin to walk with their foot resting on the ground. Sometimes the toddler walks on toes out of sheer …

During the first year, teething is the most agonizing period for the infant as well as for parents. Most infants become cranky when their teeth begin to erupt from gums. It is the scariest moment for parents as they have …