Many mental disorders that occur in children as well as adults are the result of chemical imbalance in the brain. If the imbalance is not corrected in time, its consequences can lead to serious mental state of heath such as …

Ammonia is a waste product that results from breakdown of protein. This is a toxic product. But in a normal person ammonia is converted to urea a non poisonous substance by liver. Urea is then excreted from the body through …

It is a special and joyous moment for every parent to hear the first cry of their newborn baby. But this happy time brings with it great responsibility to understand the baby. Taking care of newborn may not be exhaustive …

Hypoglycemia is a condition in which the blood sugar is abnormally low. Usually we come across adults having hypoglycemic episodes. However, it can occur in people of any age including the newborns. Hypoglycemia in newborn is more often seen in …

The cerebellum is an important part of brain which controls voluntary movement such as walking, writing, staying balanced and upright. Infection, inflammation or any type of damage to the cerebellum can affect your gait and muscle coordination. The condition is …

Bronchiolitis is a viral infection of lower respiratory tract. It mainly occurs in babies during the first two years of life, with majority of infection developing in first six months of infancy. The virus causes inflammation of the tiny air …

Imagine the pain and frustration of parents when they come to know about their child born with a birth defect. As the name suggest birth defects are abnormalities that occur while the fetus is still developing in the uterus. The …

Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy (JME) is the most common form of idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Of all forms of epilepsies at least 10% are JME. Juvenile myoclonic epilepsy begins in late childhood and adolescence years. The prefix ‘juvenile’ signifies that first episode …

Scalded skin syndrome is a skin disease caused due to toxin released by staphylococcus aureus bacteria. These toxins bind and attack the upper layer of skin to cause skin redness, blisters, and sloughing. The lesions appear similar to scalds caused …

Asthma is a chronic lung disease characterized by difficulty in breathing as the air passage becomes temporarily inflamed and narrow. Pediatric asthma is as common as adult asthma. There are millions of children in United States suffering from this chronic …

Paleness refers to abnormal color change in skin and mucus membrane. Usually skin pallor in children is missed by many parents as they do not evaluate the child’s skin regularly even though it is apparent. The skin becomes unusually light …

Testicular cancer is cancer of testis. The two testicles are of the size of ping pong ball. They lie inside the baglike skin structure called scrotum. Testicles hang below the penis and they are part of male reproductive organs. They …

Insomnia is a disorder of sleep, where the person experiences trouble to fall sleep or to stay asleep during night. The problem of falling asleep is not only restricted to adults, there are many babies and toddlers who wake up …

Abdominal pain is a common health problem in toddlers and children. Although majority of the reasons of stomachache are self limiting and benign, it is difficult for parents to evaluate the cause. It can be as minor as constipation and …

Tourette syndrome (TS) is disorder of nervous system. French physician George Gilles de Tourrette way back in 1885 was the first person to diagnose the condition. Tourette syndrome is characterized by involuntary rapid repetitive movement or vocal sounds also known …

Barking and hoarse cough is called croup. Croup occurs due to infection and inflammation in the upper respiratory tract, especially the larynx or the voice box and the trachea (wind pipe). It is generally observed in children 6 months to …

Anemia is the most common disorder of blood in children and infants. In this blood disorder the red blood cells (RBC) are too less. Anemia can cause many health problems in infants and children due to deficit of red blood …

Stomach upset is common problem in babies. It may include gases, reflux, diarrhea, vomiting, stomach ache, and constipation. Stomach upset is a colloquial term used for what medical professionals call gastroenteritis. Although stomach upset is a minor health problem in …

Einstein syndrome is a term coined for group of symptoms observed by Thomas Sowell in his book ‘Late-talking children’, published in 1997. Sowell is an economist, and a political philosopher. The syndrome pertains to children who are late talkers but …

Fever in infants is one of the scariest medical conditions for any parent. Rectal temperature measured more than 100.4 degree Fahrenheit is considered abnormal for any infant. Fever in fact is a way body defends itself.

Parents often consider high …