Category: Childrens Health 2

Rotavirus is a highly infectious virus that causes diarrhea mostly in infants and children. It is a major cause of diarrhea in children. Rotavirus diarrheal disease is ubiquitous. It is a major health problem in developing countries and one of …

Bradycardia in newborn is defined as slowdown of heart rate below 100 beats per minute. Newborn especially premature babies often suffer from bradycardia. This is frequently accompanied with interruption in breathing. In medical terminology such pauses are referred as apnoea. …

Infants are prone to develop cold and flu frequently as their immune system is still in developing stage. Their immunity is unable to fight virus infection perfectly. With cold and flu they also suffer from sore throat and scratchiness in …

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is an acute life threatening illness of intestine in new born and premature babies. The disease is characterized by necrosis of the tissues of inner lining of intestine which eventually leads to perforation in at least one …

Nystagmus in babies is also called infantile nystagmus. It is involuntary oscillation of eyes which may be present since birth or may develop within six months after birth. The movement of eye can be from side to side, jerk like …

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is death of an infant without any known cause. The child is apparently healthy and less than one year old. Diagnosis of sudden infant death syndrome is made when the death remains unexplained despite a …

Human spine is a vertical column of 33 bones that are placed one upon other with disc in between the two bones. These 33 bones are called vertebra. The spine which is commonly called the backbone provides support to the …

Neuroblastoma is the most common solid cancerous tumor of infancy and childhood other than brain tumors. It develops from the immature fetal nerve cells called neuroblasts. The tumor usually develops in the adrenal gland present in the abdomen. Other sites …

ADHD is one of the most common brain conditions in children. ADHD is short name for attention deficit hyperactive disorder. Although the symptoms of ADHD are more easily recognizable in older children, the condition is difficult to be identified in …

Although skull bone seems to be a large bone, it is made up of several bones that are connected to one another with a tough membrane. The space between two bones that is covered by the membrane is called fontanelle. …

Limping is quiet common complaint in many children. Since it is apparent, majority of parents seek medical attention as soon as they see their child walking abnormally. Limping can be described as laborious, uneven or jerky walk. At least 1 …

When pain in abdomen occurs with no known cause after proper clinical examination, medical history and appropriate tests is called functional abdominal pain. There is no abnormality in any abdominal organs to produce this pain. Such type of pain is …

Intestinal malrotation is a congenital disorder that occurs when the baby is in the womb. It means the intestines are not in the correct position. It occurs during the development stage of the baby. Normally during the fourth week of …

Parechovirus infection is caused by parechovirus, a type of virus which mainly affects gastrointestinal system and respiratory system in humans. Often people are infected with this virus but do not produce any symptoms. This virus can cause mild to moderate …

Hirschsprung’s disease is a congenital condition affecting the large intestine. The disorder causes problems in passage of stool soon after birth. This occurs due to missing of nerve cells in the intestine. Normally the muscles of bowel rhythmically contract and …

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis in children and adolescents. The disease is spread across the world. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis causes chronic pain, stiffness and swelling of joint. The disease was formerly called juvenile …

Hyperglycemia is a medical term used for high level of blood sugar in the body. Hyperglycemia is also referred as diabetes. It is a metabolic disorder prevalent at any age and in any individual. Hyperglycemia in neonates and infants mostly …

Microcephaly is a rare condition in which the head of infant is much smaller in size as compared to other children of same age. The word ‘micro’ in English means ‘small’ and the meaning of ‘cephaly’ in Greek is ‘head’.…

Prune belly syndrome is a rare urinary tract congenital disease. The disorder is characterized by triad of malformations such as dilatation and other abnormalities of urinary tract, lack of abdominal muscles and undescended testicles. The disorder mainly affects males. Because …

West syndrome consists of triad of symptoms which include infantile spasm, learning disability and peculiar hypsarrythmia pattern on EEG. It is a disorder that usually begins in infancy and childhood. Infantile spasm is a form of epileptic seizures. It begins …