Limping is quiet common complaint in many children. Since it is apparent, majority of parents seek medical attention as soon as they see their child walking abnormally. Limping can be described as laborious, uneven or jerky walk. At least 1 …

When pain in abdomen occurs with no known cause after proper clinical examination, medical history and appropriate tests is called functional abdominal pain. There is no abnormality in any abdominal organs to produce this pain. Such type of pain is …

Intestinal malrotation is a congenital disorder that occurs when the baby is in the womb. It means the intestines are not in the correct position. It occurs during the development stage of the baby. Normally during the fourth week of …

Parechovirus infection is caused by parechovirus, a type of virus which mainly affects gastrointestinal system and respiratory system in humans. Often people are infected with this virus but do not produce any symptoms. This virus can cause mild to moderate …

Hirschsprung’s disease is a congenital condition affecting the large intestine. The disorder causes problems in passage of stool soon after birth. This occurs due to missing of nerve cells in the intestine. Normally the muscles of bowel rhythmically contract and …

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis is one of the most common forms of arthritis in children and adolescents. The disease is spread across the world. Juvenile idiopathic arthritis causes chronic pain, stiffness and swelling of joint. The disease was formerly called juvenile …

Hyperglycemia is a medical term used for high level of blood sugar in the body. Hyperglycemia is also referred as diabetes. It is a metabolic disorder prevalent at any age and in any individual. Hyperglycemia in neonates and infants mostly …

Microcephaly is a rare condition in which the head of infant is much smaller in size as compared to other children of same age. The word ‘micro’ in English means ‘small’ and the meaning of ‘cephaly’ in Greek is ‘head’.…

Prune belly syndrome is a rare urinary tract congenital disease. The disorder is characterized by triad of malformations such as dilatation and other abnormalities of urinary tract, lack of abdominal muscles and undescended testicles. The disorder mainly affects males. Because …

West syndrome consists of triad of symptoms which include infantile spasm, learning disability and peculiar hypsarrythmia pattern on EEG. It is a disorder that usually begins in infancy and childhood. Infantile spasm is a form of epileptic seizures. It begins …

Asthma is a chronic airway disorder which is characterized by obstruction in air passage. The obstruction is caused due to inflammation of the bronchial tree. The condition reverses either spontaneously or subsides after taking medicines. Asthma is one of the …

For children the period between 18 months and 3 years is the most exciting time of their life. It is the period when they start to speak and develop their language skill; they become aware of their individuality. They now …

Rapid breathing and breathlessness can occur at any age and in anyone. Often infants and newborn are known to pant or breathe rapidly. In majority of cases it is not a cause of concern unless rapid breathing is accompanied with …

Tooth eruption is a unique process of development in humans. Studies indicate the exact mechanism of tooth eruption is not fully understood. But few aspects are still very well known such as the period of primary and secondary dentition and …

Flattened head in babies is not uncommon. It is a condition where a part of the head of baby becomes flat because of constant pressure on one spot. This condition is also called flat head syndrome. Infants are more vulnerable …

Galactosemia is a rare inherited disorder in which the body is unable to convert galactose into glucose. Lactose is the principle sugar of milk that is found in various milk products and even in breast milk. Galactose is available on …

Vomiting in children is common issue and the most frequently encountered cause among them is viral gastroenteritis. In majority of cases vomiting is preceded or followed with other set of symptoms such as diarrhea, fever, cough etc. However, sometimes vomiting …

Fevers are said to be recurrent if they occur three or more times within a span of 6 months. There is a gap of at least 7 days between two episodes of fever. Recurrent fevers are common in children. The …

Majority of toddlers sometime or the other are known to suffer from mild to moderate breathing problems. This difficulty in breathing is mostly due to viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. The condition is short lived and home remedies …

Dehydration is a condition in which there is excess loss of body fluids. It can develop in anyone right from an infant to an elderly individual. Newborn babies are at greater risk of suffering from dehydration typically due to diarrhea …