West syndrome consists of triad of symptoms which include infantile spasm, learning disability and peculiar hypsarrythmia pattern on EEG. It is a disorder that usually begins in infancy and childhood. Infantile spasm is a form of epileptic seizures. It begins …

Asthma is a chronic airway disorder which is characterized by obstruction in air passage. The obstruction is caused due to inflammation of the bronchial tree. The condition reverses either spontaneously or subsides after taking medicines. Asthma is one of the …

For children the period between 18 months and 3 years is the most exciting time of their life. It is the period when they start to speak and develop their language skill; they become aware of their individuality. They now …

Rapid breathing and breathlessness can occur at any age and in anyone. Often infants and newborn are known to pant or breathe rapidly. In majority of cases it is not a cause of concern unless rapid breathing is accompanied with …

Tooth eruption is a unique process of development in humans. Studies indicate the exact mechanism of tooth eruption is not fully understood. But few aspects are still very well known such as the period of primary and secondary dentition and …

Flattened head in babies is not uncommon. It is a condition where a part of the head of baby becomes flat because of constant pressure on one spot. This condition is also called flat head syndrome. Infants are more vulnerable …

Galactosemia is a rare inherited disorder in which the body is unable to convert galactose into glucose. Lactose is the principle sugar of milk that is found in various milk products and even in breast milk. Galactose is available on …

Vomiting in children is common issue and the most frequently encountered cause among them is viral gastroenteritis. In majority of cases vomiting is preceded or followed with other set of symptoms such as diarrhea, fever, cough etc. However, sometimes vomiting …

Fevers are said to be recurrent if they occur three or more times within a span of 6 months. There is a gap of at least 7 days between two episodes of fever. Recurrent fevers are common in children. The …

Majority of toddlers sometime or the other are known to suffer from mild to moderate breathing problems. This difficulty in breathing is mostly due to viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. The condition is short lived and home remedies …

Dehydration is a condition in which there is excess loss of body fluids. It can develop in anyone right from an infant to an elderly individual. Newborn babies are at greater risk of suffering from dehydration typically due to diarrhea …

Liver diseases in infants and children are not uncommon. They can live a healthy and productive life if these problems are detected and treated at an early stage. Infants born with or those who develop liver problems soon after birth …

Malnutrition is a serious global challenge even today because it is a major contributing factor for many diseases especially among babies and children under the age of 5 years. Malnutrition is a condition that develops when the body does not …

The first sight of baby can be quiet exciting after birth. Newborn when they emerge are tiny and wet often with their head slightly pointed as a result of passing through the birth canal. As days pass, several changes take …

Snoring is not limited to adults, you may be surprised to know but it’s true, new born babies and infants too are noisy breathers. Snoring in new born babies is not uncommon. Many babies during their infancy snore because of …

Many mental disorders that occur in children as well as adults are the result of chemical imbalance in the brain. If the imbalance is not corrected in time, its consequences can lead to serious mental state of heath such as …

Ammonia is a waste product that results from breakdown of protein. This is a toxic product. But in a normal person ammonia is converted to urea a non poisonous substance by liver. Urea is then excreted from the body through …

It is a special and joyous moment for every parent to hear the first cry of their newborn baby. But this happy time brings with it great responsibility to understand the baby. Taking care of newborn may not be exhaustive …

Hypoglycemia is a condition in which the blood sugar is abnormally low. Usually we come across adults having hypoglycemic episodes. However, it can occur in people of any age including the newborns. Hypoglycemia in newborn is more often seen in …

The cerebellum is an important part of brain which controls voluntary movement such as walking, writing, staying balanced and upright. Infection, inflammation or any type of damage to the cerebellum can affect your gait and muscle coordination. The condition is …