Osteomalacia is a disease of bone characterized by weakening and softening of bone due to vitamin D deficiency. The defect lies in improper mineralization of bone matrix. The disease occurs after cessation of growth, it means the disease affects adults. …

Collar bone in medical parlance is called clavicle. It is a long bone situated horizontally connecting the arm to the torso. The two collar bones are located each on the right and left side above the first rib. This bone …

Arthrosis is a term used for any joint of the body. Arthros in Greek means a joint. A joint is a location in the body where two or more ends of bones meet to facilitate easy mobility. Joint can be …

Arthroscopy is a minimal invasive surgical procedure performed by orthopedic surgeon on patients to diagnose and treat joint disorders. The word ‘arthro’ in Greek means joint and ‘scopy’ means to look. Knee arthroscopy is one such procedure in which the …

Heberden’s nodes are extra bony growths on the joint that is closest to the tip of finger. This joint is called distal interphalangeal joint. Heberden’s nodes are the most obvious manifestation of osteoarthritis of finger joint. When present they make …

Tuberculosis is a communicable disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteria. Primarily tuberculosis affects the pulmonary system and gastrointestinal system, but it can also spread through blood to other organs. It is then labeled as extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Tuberculosis of bone is …

Pain is an unpleasant experience resulting from actual or potential tissue damage. Bone pain and tenderness originates from bone. It is common problem among middle aged people. With growing age, human body undergoes vast number of changes.

Reduced bone density …

The literary meaning of subluxation is partial dislocation. Patellar subluxation is partial and temporary dislocation of the patella which is also known as the kneecap. Patella is a small triangular flat bone located in front of the knee joint. It …

Spinal disc is a unique structure. This circular and flat structure is situated between two vertebrae of the spine. Its main purpose is to absorb shock between two adjacent vertebrae, allow slight mobility of the spine and hold the vertebrae …

Spine provides sublime privilege for humans to stand erect. Spine, also known as the backbone is made up of small bones called vertebrae. They are placed one above the other with soft discs between two vertebra. The discs separate and …

Polyarthritis is a term used for arthritis involving more than five joints. It is not a disease in itself, but number of different types of arthritis can cause polyarthritis. This condition can be acute or chronic depending on the underlying …

Tendonitis is inflammation of tendon, a band of tissue which connects the muscles to bone. A tendon acts as a catalyst for transmitting the action of muscle pull to the bone, thus allowing movement. When a tendon is inflamed it …

Sternum is a bone situated in the middle of chest. It is a flat bone attached to first 7 ribs and the collar bone. Some people also refer it as breastbone. Sternum, ribs and collar bone forms a rib cage …

Normal human spine is straight when you see from back or from the front. When you view it from lateral side you will notice many normal curvatures. Scoliosis is deformity of spine characterized by disproportionate side way bending of spine. …

Cancer is the leading cause of morbidity and death the world over. The condition is characterized with uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that invades and harms the healthy tissues. Cancer can affect any organ of the body including the bone. …

Metatarsalgia in simple words is pain and inflammation in the sole of foot, specifically in the ball of foot. This condition develops due to excess of stress placed on the head (ball) of the metatarsal bone of the foot. The …

Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects mainly the synovial joints. The disease is progressive and is characterized by inflammatory changes causing permanent damage to the joint. As the disease advances over years, it leads to intolerable pain …

Dislocated elbow is loss of alignment of the bones in elbow joint. It occurs when the connective tissue, muscles and cartilage that holds and keeps the bones aligned to each other are damaged or torn. The elbow joint is made …

Traumatic bone cyst is an uncommon lesion of the bone. Many refer it as simple bone cyst. Traumatic bone cyst is mainly seen in jaw bone. TBC presents with an empty cavity in the jaw bone. There is no epithelial …

Degenerative joint disease is a common problem experienced by many people all over the world, especially the elderly group. The major problem with this condition is it causes impairment of joint function and pain, thus affecting the quality of life. …