If your baby is having red raised dry skin rash with intense itching, consider atopic dermatitis as one of the causes. Atopic dermatitis or eczema is an inflamed skin condition accompanied with intense itching. Children are affected more than adults. The condition is chronic and can prevail for a long time. Atopic dermatitis generally co-exists with other conditions such as asthma, allergic rhinitis, conjunctivitis etc.
Though much of the dermatitis resolves in childhood or as the child gets older, the inflammatory susceptibility persists. The skin lesion of atopic dermatitis can be present in any part of the body but the prominent sites are arms and behind the knees. Atopic dermatitis may subside for a while only to flare up again after a period of time.
The cause remains unclear, but certain predisposing factors include inherited tendency or immune system malfunction.Atopic dermatitis may take long time to heal; applying creams and lotions may alleviate itching and other symptoms. Home remedies are valuable as they do not have any obvious side effects.
What Are The Causes Of Atopic Dermatitis?
Atopic dermatitis is a chronic, itching, relapsing skin disorder of unknown etiology. However, there is a likelyhood of various factors playing a role.
- Family history of atopic dermatitis.
- Immune system malfunctioning.
- Stress, anxiety, frustration etc can exaggerate the symptoms of atopic dermatitis, but they are not actually responsible for it.
- Person having dry skin is vulnerable to developing atopic dermatitis.
- Living in extreme cold temperatures.
- People allergic to pollen, dust, mites etc are prone to develop atopic dermatitis.
Signs And Symptoms Of Atopic Dermatitis
Itching is the primary feature of atopic dermatitis. The characteristic of skin lesions vary with the age of the patient. The symptoms may be different during infancy, childhood and adult phase.
- Infantile atopic dermatitis may begin after 3 months of age. They may have severe itching, skin redness, swelling on the face, especially the cheeks, scalp and back of lower leg. In severe cases, hands and trunk are also affected.
- Infantile atopic dermatitis usually gets cured by the age of 18 months. But in some exceptional cases, it gets prolonged and passes into childhood phase.
- The child may have itching, raised lesion behind the knee and in the elbow area and at the sides of wrist and ankles. The external ear may also be affected. There may be discharge and bleeding from the ear. Sometimes, there may be associated blisters that ooze.
- Childhood stage may get cured or may further progress into adulthood. During this period, due to constant scratching and irritation, the skin becomes thick and leathery.
- The disease runs a course of recurrence and remissions.
Home Remedies For Atopic Dermatitis
There are several home remedies that may help to relieve the symptoms of atopic dermatitis.
- In atopic dermatitis, the skin is dry. It is important to keep it well moisturized and soft. Apply coconut oil on the affected skin area.
- To relieve itching, apply nutmeg paste on the affected area. Mix the paste with coconut or olive oil. The oil will act as an emollient.
- Avoid things that cause irritation to the skin. This includes synthetic clothes, extreme temperatures, soaps and detergents, woolen clothing etc.
- Avoid scratching. Cover the area with a bandage to prevent scratching. You can also apply cool wet bandage.
- Take bath with lukewarm water instead of cold or too hot water.
- Avoid certain foods that may be responsible for causing allergic reaction such as eggs etc.