Allergy that occurs during certain season or time of the year is called seasonal allergy. Most frequently the cause of seasonal allergies is airborne pollen and molds. The symptoms of seasonal allergies are frequently seen during spring and winter months. It is highest pollination period for flowering plants, weeds and grasses. Some people also refer seasonal allergy as hay fever.
Allergy is a reaction of the immune system of the body to a substance in environment which we call it as an allergen.Normally these environmental particles are not harmful, but there are some children and adults who seem to have hyper immune response. Their body perceives and reacts to these harmless particles when they come in contact with it. Body releases histamine and other chemicals that affect the respiratory tract and skin to produce symptoms such as itching and runny nose, itching and scratching sensation in throat, watering in eyes etc.
Signs And Symptoms Of Seasonal Allergies In Toddlers
Seasonal allergy in children usually develops above the age of 2 to 3 years. This is because most children below this age stay indoors. They are less exposed to airborne dust and pollen particles. Environment and genetics both have a role in development of allergy which in some toddlers persists for lifetime although the symptoms may wax and wane. Since the immune response of each child is different, the severity of symptoms may vary from one toddler to another.
The symptoms of seasonal allergy in children and toddlers appear similar to those of common cold. Symptoms of seasonal allergy occur during the same period of year and fade away with in 4 to 8 weeks as the season changes. Here are some of the common seasonal allergic manifestations in toddlers.
- Runny nose with clear thin mucus.
- Nasal congestion and stuffiness in nose which makes the child irritable and cranky.
- Itching and watering from the eyes.
- Redness in eyes.
- Itching in ears, sometimes discharge of thin fluid from the ear.
- Avoid eating due to irritation and scratchy feeling in the throat.
- Some toddlers may develop cough and symptoms of asthma such as breathlessness, increased respiratory rate etc.
- Fever can be mild or moderate.
- Itching and hives on skin.
Natural Remedies For Seasonal Allergies In Toddlers
The treatment of seasonal allergy may differ from one toddler to other. This mostly depends on the severity of the symptoms. Some children may have mild symptoms while some may suffer from severe nasal and respiratory tract problems.
- For mild nasal discharge and sneezing simple nasal saline drops may be effective. Put one or two nasal saline drops in the nostril. It reduces congestion in nose and allows easy breathing through nasal passage.
- Warm tomato soup is effective in controlling nasal discharge and sneezing. Give your child one cup of soup two times in a day. Tomato contains vitamin C as well as antioxidants and flavanoids that help to boost the immune system.
- Ginger is an important home remedy for treating symptoms of seasonal allergy. Ginger is considered to be a natural antihistamine and anti inflammatory medicine. It also helps to boost the immunity. Thus it is best suited for children having symptoms of nasal congestion, running nose, cough and scratchy throat. Add few pieces of grated ginger in 2 cups of boiling water. Add small amount of cinnamon. Boil the content for 3 to 5 minutes. Strain the liquid. Add two teaspoon of honey and one teaspoon of lemon juice. Let the child drink half cup of it two to three times in a day.
- Give one cup of warm milk mixed with pinch of turmeric powder. Turmeric is effective in reducing allergic rhinitis. It also boosts the immune system.
Reduce the exposure of your child to pollen during the peak season. If your child is known to have seasonal episodes, keep your child indoors when the pollen count is high in the air. Keep windows closed to prevent entry of dust and pollen in the house.